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Abyssinian War

Abyssinian War  

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Overview Page
1935–6.Conflict between Abyssinia and Italy. Mussolini used a border incident in December 1934 at Walwal as a pretext for pursuing his aim of imperial expansion in north Africa. The Italians invaded ...
Army Combat Branches: Aviation

Army Combat Branches: Aviation  

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Overview Page
The army aviation combat branch consists of those aircraft so essential to the day‐to‐day operations of ground forces that they are placed under the command and control of a ground ...
Boran

Boran  

Ethnic group of East Africa and the Horn of Africa; also known as the Borana.The Boran primarily inhabit southern Ethiopia, northern Kenya, and neighboring southwestern Somalia. They speak an ...
Boutros Boutros-Ghali

Boutros Boutros-Ghali  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Law
(1922– )Egyptian diplomat and politician, Secretary-General of the United Nations 1992–96. He served as Egyptian minister of state for foreign affairs from 1971 to 1991.
Cold War and Africa

Cold War and Africa  

Ideological and political confrontation between the United States and the Communist Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), which lasted from 1945–1989 and had major effects on African ...
Djibouti

Djibouti  

A city-state that serves as a transit point for neighbouring countriesThough there are mountains in the north of this small country, most of Djibouti consists of a bare arid plateau—one of the ...
Eritrea

Eritrea  

A country in north-eastern Africa, on the Red Sea.Physical.Eritrea consists of a narrow coastal low-lying area and rises towards the Ethiopian plateau in the south. It is very hot and ...
Ethiopia

Ethiopia  

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Overview Page
Subject:
History
Was a name usually applied by the Greeks to any region in the far south. Early Greek interest in Ethiopia was largely concerned with the source of the Nile. From Herodotus onwards ‘Ethiopia’ ...
Globalization and Africa: An Interpretation

Globalization and Africa: An Interpretation  

Africa’s encounter with globalization has already spawned two widely-quoted phrases: “When the West catches a cold, Africa gets pneumonia,” and “The winds from the east are shaking the palm trees.” ...
Hassan Gouled Aptidon

Hassan Gouled Aptidon  

1916–2006 President of Djibouti.Hassan Gouled Aptidon was born to an Issa family in the village of Garissa, but at age fourteen he left his home to live at a ...
Idi Amin

Idi Amin  

(b. West Nile, Uganda, 1925; d. Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, 16 Aug. 2003)Ugandan; army commander 1966–71, head of state 1971–9 A member of the Kakwa ethnic group from north-west Uganda, Idi Amin Dada ...
Issa

Issa  

Ethnic group of the Horn of Africa; also known as Esa.The Issa primarily inhabit southern Djibouti, northern Somalia, and Harer Province, Ethiopia. They speak Somali, an Afro-Asiatic language in ...
Military Communications

Military Communications  

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Overview Page
The sine qua non of leadership, from squad level to strategic command. Gen Omar Bradley famously declared: ‘Congress makes a man a general, but communications make him a commander.’ If ...
militia

militia  

The British regionally based volunteer armed forces (from the Latin miles, a soldier). Of Anglo‐Saxon origin or earlier, the militia was established as an obligation for all freemen by the Assize of ...
Mohamed Farah Aidid

Mohamed Farah Aidid  

1934–1996 Leader of the Somali organization that overthrew President Mohamed Siad Barre.Mohamed Farah Aidid was born in Italian Somaliland and trained in the military in Rome and Moscow. After ...
Nuruddin Farah

Nuruddin Farah  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1945– ),Somali novelist, born in Baidoa, in what was then Italian Somaliland, educated at Institution di Magistrale di Mogadishu, and the Universities of London and Essex. He has travelled widely ...
Ogaden

Ogaden  

Territory between Ethiopia and Somalia.The Ogaden is a contested territory, currently under Ethiopian jurisdiction, but also claimed by Somalia. Since the sixteenth century, Somali nomadic ...
operations law

operations law  

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Overview Page
The normative framework associated with the planning, management and conduct of military operations in peacetime and during hostilities.
Organization of African Unity

Organization of African Unity  

(OAU)An association of independent African states constituted in 1963, and designed to encourage African unity, to discourage neo-colonialism, and to promote development.http://www.africa-union.org/ ...
Oromo

Oromo  

Ethnic group of Ethiopia and Kenya.The Oromo, sometimes known as the Galla (a term they find insulting), speak a language that belongs to the Eastern Cushitic family of Afro-Asiatic ...

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