Overview

Invasion of Sicily

Return to overview »

You are looking at 1-20 of 49 entries

  • Type: Overview Page x
clear all

View:

airborne force

airborne force  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A force made up of both ground and air combat units, brought together, equipped, and trained to engage in airborne missions.
airborne warfare

airborne warfare  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The first concept for the use of American airborne troops occurred during World War I in 1918, when Gen. Billy Mitchell proposed a mass drop of paratroopers against German trenches ...
Albrecht Kesselring

Albrecht Kesselring  

(1885–1960)German air force chief and field-marshal who demonstrated great skill as an army commander in World War II, particularly during the defensive campaign in Italy.Commissioned in the Bavarian ...
Allied Military Government of Occupied Territories

Allied Military Government of Occupied Territories  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(AMGOT).The rules annexed to the Hague Convention state that an occupying army must ensure public order and safety. To comply, the Allies formed AMGOT for the military government of ...
amphibian

amphibian  

N. a small craft capable of moving on land or water driven by propellers and wheels or air cushion.
amphibious warfare

amphibious warfare  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Warfare consisting of attacks launched from the sea by naval and landing forces embarked in ships or craft and involving the landing and establishing of forces on a hostile shore.[...]
Andrew Cunningham, 1st Viscount Cunningham

Andrew Cunningham, 1st Viscount Cunningham  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
(1883–1963)British admiral. At the beginning of World War II he was commander-in-chief in the Mediterranean. Here he was faced with an Italian fleet that was numerically superior to his own. However, ...
Audie Murphy

Audie Murphy  

(1924–1971), World War II war hero.Audie Murphy was the most highly decorated American soldier of World War II. Diminutive, self‐reliant, and ambitious to escape his hardscrabble Texas origins, ...
Axis strategy and co-operation

Axis strategy and co-operation  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Although the leaders of the Axis spoke frequently in public of their co-operation, and they were bound by various treaties (see Tripartite Pact, Pact of Steel, and Anti-Comintern pact), in ...
battle for the Mediterranean

battle for the Mediterranean  

Reference type:
Overview Page
War spread to the Mediterranean basin on 10 June 1940 when Italy declared war on the UK and France (see Maps 2 and 68). Mussolini, who nursed a jealousy of ...
battle of Kursk

battle of Kursk  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(5–15 July 1943)A fierce tank battle between the Red Army and German invasion forces around Kursk in the central European Soviet Union. Hitler had ordered the elimination of the important railway ...
Battle of Messina

Battle of Messina  

The final battle in the World War II invasion of Sicily, won by the Allies on August 17, 1943. It was a noted triumph for the U.S. 7th Army under ...
Benito Mussolini

Benito Mussolini  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(1883–1945) Italian Fascist statesman, Prime Minister (1922–43); known as Il Duce ('the leader'). He founded the Italian Fascist Party in 1919. He annexed Abyssinia in 1936 and entered World War ...
Bernard Law Montgomery

Bernard Law Montgomery  

(1887–1976) British field marshal and Allied commander during World War II, known as Monty. Montgomery first gained fame in 1942 with his defeat of the forces of Erwin Rommel at ...
Big Red One

Big Red One  

Nickname of the battle-hardened 1st US Infantry Division which derived from its large red ‘1’ shoulder-patch. The US Army's oldest active division, it was also known as ‘The First Team’. ...
Biscari massacres

Biscari massacres  

Reference type:
Overview Page
In two separate incidents during the Sicilian campaign of July–August 1943, 76 German and Italian prisoners-of-war were shot by US troops of the 45th Division's 180th Regiment near Biscari airfield. ...
capture of Palermo

capture of Palermo  

An action in July 1943, led by Gen. George S. Patton. Media coverage of the Allied invasion of Sicily emphasized the contrast between British Marshal Montgomery's caution and Patton's ...
Comando Supremo

Comando Supremo  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Common term for the Italian High Command, properly called Stato Maggiore Generale (STAMAGE), the Supreme General Staff. Marshal Badoglio headed STAMAGE from its inception in June 1925 until December ...
Combined Operations Pilotage Parties

Combined Operations Pilotage Parties  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(COPP),British Navy and Army personnel who, aided by infra-red equipment, canoes, and conventional and midget submarines, reconnoitred beaches before a landing took place and then helped guide the ...
Dwight D. Eisenhower

Dwight D. Eisenhower  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(1890–1969)US general and Republican statesman; thirty-fourth president of the USA (1953–60).Born in Denison, Texas, Eisenhower graduated from West Point military academy in 1915 and held senior ...

View: