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Adpositions

Adpositions  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Linguistics
Members of this class of function words typically express various concrete relations of noun phrases with predicates, such as location, instrument, accompaniment, beneficiary, and cause. Adpositions ...
Arne Naess

Arne Naess  

A Norwegianphilosopher, alpine climber, and influential environmental thinker (1912–2009), who coined the term deep ecology to express a vision of the world in which we protect the environment as a ...
Aspect

Aspect  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Linguistics
The term “aspect” designates the internal temporal organization of the situation described by a verb. The most common possibilities are the perfective, which indicate that the situation is to be ...
assertion checker

assertion checker  

An automated system for checking whether assertions attached to the text of some program are consistent with the semantics of that program as given by some formal semantic definition of the ...
axiomatic semantics

axiomatic semantics  

An approach to defining the semantics of programming languages in which the meaning of a language is given by describing the true statements that can be made about programs in that language using ...
Case

Case  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Linguistics
This entry includes the following subentries:OverviewCase TheoryCase AlignmentOverviewCase TheoryCase AlignmentCase is a notoriously ambiguous notion. The traditional notion of morphological case ...
case grammar

case grammar  

A theory of grammar, originally devised by Charles Filmore within the general orientation of generative grammar, that regards deep cases as the grammatical primitives in terms of which sentences are ...
Causative

Causative  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Linguistics
While the term “causative construction” could in principle refer to any grammatical device that encodes causation, in practice the term has come to be used to express the kind of ...
Cognitive Grammar

Cognitive Grammar  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Linguistics
C[ognitive] G[rammar] is a linguistic model developed by Ronald W. Langacker (Langacker 1987, 1990, 1991, 1999, among others). Its main goal is to express the semiotic function of language, namely ...
componential analysis

componential analysis  

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Overview Page
A technique used to describe the bases and contrasts by which the constituent terms differ in a language and/or culture. Thus, in kinship analysis, son, daughter, and cousin are all in the same ...
componential theory

componential theory  

A theory of concepts, concept formation, and semantics according to which the meaning of a concept or a word can be understood by analysing it into its set of defining properties. The standard ...
compositionality

compositionality  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
A language is compositional if the meaning of complex expression is derivable from the meaning of its parts and the way in which they are combined. A compositional semantics would exhibit a way to ...
Compounding

Compounding  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Linguistics
A prototypical compound is a morphologically complex word containing at least two elements which can otherwise occur as free forms, i.e. as independent words—Eng. steamboat, delivery van, ...
concept formation

concept formation  

The process by which a concept is acquired or learnt, usually from exposure to examples of items that belong to the concept category and items that do not belong to it. In general, it involves ...
conceptual dependency theory

conceptual dependency theory  

In the field of knowledge representation, a theory of how meaning is represented. According to the theory, propositions are reduced to a small number of semantic primitives, such as agents, actions, ...
congruity theory

congruity theory  

A cognitive consistency theory of attitude change, based on balance theory but formulated as a quantitative model, according to which if a source S and attitude object O are linked by an associative ...
cue

cue  

1 An attribute of an object or event to which an organism responds, typical examples being the size or shape of a visual stimulus (1) to which a response may be conditioned.2 A dimension or aspect of ...
David B. Kaplan

David B. Kaplan  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1933– ).American philosopher at the University of California, known for his work in intensional logic, semantics, pragmatics, and philosophy of language. His initial stance was Fregean as in the ...
deep structure

deep structure  

Reference type:
Overview Page
1. (deep grammar) In linguistics, following Chomsky, a fundamental abstract level of grammatical organization underlying the surface structure of sentences, which are generated by applying ...
deixis

deixis  

A term used in linguistics to denote those aspects of an utterance that refer to and depend upon the situation in which the utterance is made. Deictic words indicate the situational ‘co-ordinates’ of ...

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