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Sāmānids

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Abbasid

Abbasid  

A member of a dynasty of caliphs who ruled in Baghdad from 750 to 1258, named after Abbas (566–652), the prophet Muhammad's uncle and founder of the dynasty.
Bukhara

Bukhara  

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Centre of carpet production in Uzbekihstan. The oasis that eventually grew into the city of Bukhara has been a centre of textile production since the 6th century ad. Bukhara was ...
Būyids

Būyids  

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Islamic dynasty that ruled in Iran and Iraq from 932 to 1062. Civil wars, the erosion of caliphal power by a Turkish military caste, corrupt administration and racial tensions during ...
Ghazna

Ghazna  

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In the tenth century C.E., before the rise of an independent sultanate based in Ghazna (south-southwest of Kabul in Afghanistan), the town of Ghazna and surrounding province of Zabulistan were ...
Ghaznavid

Ghaznavid  

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A Turkish dynasty whose founder, Sebuktegin, was appointed governor of Khurasan by the Persian Samanids and established his own power in Ghazna, Afghanistan, in 962. His successors extended their ...
Ghulam

Ghulam  

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Religion
Young boy or slave; pl. ghilman. Associated with the system of military organization in the second half of the tenth and first half of the eleventh centuries. Ghilman were generally Turkish in ...
Ornament and pattern

Ornament and pattern  

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Vegetal, geometric and other forms of ornament play an unusually important role in the architecture and visual arts of the Islamic lands, where virtually all surfaces are decorated (see Subject ...
Persian Literature

Persian Literature  

[This entry contains two subentries:Persian Literature until 1990Persian Literature since 1990]Persian Literature until 1990Persian Literature since 1990]Persian literature is a body of poetic and ...
Turkmenistan

Turkmenistan  

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History
A country lying east of the Caspian Sea and north of Iran.Physical.Turkmenistan is in an arid region; it contains the greater part of the Kara Kum desert, which has important mineral resources. The ...
Turks

Turks  

Archaic term for a member of the ruling Muslim population of the Ottoman Empire, or for a member of any of the ancient central Asian peoples who spoke Turkic languages, including the Seljuks and ...
Uzbekistan

Uzbekistan  

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History
Very dependent on cotton and gold, and making little progress towards democracyUzbekistan has some mountainous terrain in the east, and a few fertile oases, but around 80% of the territory is a sandy ...
Zhambyl

Zhambyl  

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City in the Talas River valley of southern Kazakhstan and capital city of the region of the same name. Excavations have established that the area, conveniently located along the trade ...

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