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Sabines

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Anio

Anio  

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A river of Italy rising in the Sabine country (see Sabini) and separating it from Latium (Pliny (the Elder) Naturalis historia 3. 54). After flowing 120 km. (75 mi.) west-south-west ...
Curius Dentatus, Manius

Curius Dentatus, Manius  

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(RE 9)Roman soldier and statesman, consul in 290, 284 (suffect), 275, 274 bc. After ending the Third Samnite War (290) (see Rome (history)), he conquered the Sabini (290), the ...
Horace

Horace  

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(65–8bc),Roman poet of the Augustan period. A notable satirist and literary critic, he is best known for his Odes, much imitated by later ages, especially by the poets of 17th-century England.
Italy

Italy  

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History
Despite regional divisions and a series of unstable governments, Italy remains an important player in EuropeItaly is dominated by mountains. The Alps loom over the north of the country and merge with ...
Lucius Tarquinius Priscus

Lucius Tarquinius Priscus  

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The fifth king of Rome (traditionally 616–579bc), was believed to be the son of Demaratus of Corinth, who fled to Tarquinii (mod. Tarquinia) to escape the tyranny of Cypselus. Tarquin himself ...
Luna

Luna  

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Roman moon-goddess. Varro (De lingua Latina 5. 74) names her among a number of deities introduced by Titus Tatius and therefore of Sabine origin (see Sabini). The latter statement may ...
Mars

Mars  

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Religion
[Di]Roman god of war and agriculture, son of Juno, and claimed as the father of Rome's founder Romulus.
Nomentum

Nomentum  

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Old Latin town on the edge of Sabine territory (see Latini; Sabini), 23 km. (14 mi.) north-east of Rome. Rome annexed it in 338 bc. Famed in imperial times for ...
Numa Pompilius

Numa Pompilius  

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(RE Numa 1)legendary second king of Rome (traditionally 715–673 bc), from whom the Aemilii, Calpurnii, Marcii, Pinarii, and Pomponii later claimed descent. Reputedly a Sabine (see Sabini) from Cures ...
Oscan

Oscan  

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Are the principal representatives of a group of closely related languages belonging to the Italic branch of Indo-European. The usual name for this group is ‘Osco-Umbrian’ but a less cumbersome ...
Oscans

Oscans  

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An extinct Italic language of southern Italy, related to Umbrian and surviving in inscriptions mainly of the 4th to 1st centuries bc.
patrician

patrician  

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Formed a privileged class of Roman citizens. The word is probably connected with patrēs (‘Fathers’), a formal collective term for patrician senators (see senate). In the republican period patrician ...
Porcius Cato, Marcus

Porcius Cato, Marcus  

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(RE 9)‘Cato the Censor’ (234–149 bc) (‘Censorius’) was a dominant figure in both the political and the cultural life of Rome in the first half of the 2nd cent. ...
Quirinal

Quirinal  

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One of the Seven Hills on which the ancient city of Rome was built. From the 17th century, Quirinal has also been the name of the summer palace of the popes on the Quirinal Hill in Rome, which later ...
Rape of the Sabine Women

Rape of the Sabine Women  

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History
In Roman mythology, the forcible carrying off of the Sabine women by Romulus, to provide wives for his men of the new settlement of Rome, at a spectacle to which the Sabines had been invited.
Reate

Reate  

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A town in Sabine country (see Sabini), on the River Velino, and a place always prone to flooding. Curius Dentatus brought it under Roman control (290 bc) and, obtaining full ...
rex

rex  

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The reigning king (used following a name or in the titles of lawsuits, e.g. Rex v. Jones: the Crown versus Jones).
Rome

Rome  

According to tradition the ancient city was founded by Romulus (after whom it is named) in 753 bc on the Palatine Hill; as it grew it spread to the other six hills of Rome (Aventine, Caelian, ...
Romulus

Romulus  

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Mythical founders of Rome. Their legend, though probably as old as the late 4th cent. bc in one form or another, cannot be very old or contain any popular element, unless it be the almost universal ...
Sabelli

Sabelli  

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Is not synonymous with Sabini. It is the Roman name for speakers of Oscan. They called themselves Safineis and their chief official meddix. They expanded from their original habitat (reputedly ...

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