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Jean-Jacques Rousseau

(1712—1778) French philosopher and writer

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Abbé de Saint-Pierre

Abbé de Saint-Pierre  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Charles François Irénée Castel Abbé de Saint-Pierre (1658–1743) was born on 13 February 1658 at château Saint-Pierre-Eglise situated between Cherbourg and Barfleur in Normandy, France. Helped by ...
Al-Farabi

Al-Farabi  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(c.870–950)The ‘second teacher’ after Aristotle of Islamic philosophy. Al-Farabi was one of the first philosophers to transmit Aristotelian logic to the Islamic world. He wrote extensively on logic, ...
alienation

alienation  

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Estrangement or withdrawal from society or family. This may be a manifestation of a mental disorder or of social or political disaffection. When it occurs in a family or social group, it may include ...
anarchism

anarchism  

The doctrine associated with Godwin, Bakunin, Proudhon, and others, that human communities can and should flourish without government. Voluntary cooperation should replace the coercive machinery of ...
Ancient Rome

Ancient Rome  

Ancient Rome continued to be a major reference point for the culture of the Enlightenment, due notably to the central role played by Latin. There was a gradual decline in ...
anti-theatrical polemic

anti-theatrical polemic  

In the Western tradition, moral or religious objections to the theatre have been raised during most of the periods in which it has enjoyed prosperity and influence and during many ...
autobiography

autobiography  

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Overview Page
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Literature
In its modern form, may be taken as writing that purposefully and self‐consciously provides an account of the author's life and incorporates feeling and introspection as well as empirical detail. In ...
autonomy

autonomy  

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Overview Page
Free will; self-governing, ability of a person or a group to choose a course of action. Autonomy is a basic human right and is one of the principles of bioethics.
autonomy/heteronomy

autonomy/heteronomy  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
Autonomy is the capacity for self-government. Agents are autonomous if their actions are truly their own. The necessity of this moral liberty appears in Rousseau, and is a cornerstone of Kant's ...
Barry Unsworth

Barry Unsworth  

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Overview Page
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Literature
(1930– ),novelist, born in Durham to a mining family, and educated at the University of Manchester. The wide range of his subsequent travels and his interest in history are reflected in his novels, ...
Benjamin Constant

Benjamin Constant  

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Subject:
Literature
(1767–1830) French novelist and autobiographerAdolphe (1816) FictionMy Life [Ma Vie (Le Cahier rouge)] (1907) Non-FictionCécile (1951) FictionAdolphe (1816) FictionMy Life [Ma Vie (Le Cahier rouge)] ...
Bernard Lamy

Bernard Lamy  

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Overview Page
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Literature
(1640–1715)French teacher and priest. His treatise on rhetoric and the philosophy of language, Rhétorique ou l'art de parler (1675, englarged 1688) became known as the ‘Rhétorique de Port-Royal’, a ...
Blaise Pascal

Blaise Pascal  

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Overview Page
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Literature
(1623–1662) French mathematician, physicist, and religious philosopherPascal was the son of a respected mathematician and a local administrator in Clermont-Ferrand, France. Early in life Pascal ...
British, Irish, and American Influences

British, Irish, and American Influences  

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Overview Page
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Literature
1. Before 1700The English crown held sway over much of what is now France for long periods in the Middle Ages. After the Norman Conquest, however, French was the ...
Charles-Simon Favart

Charles-Simon Favart  

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(b Paris, 1710; d Belleville, 1792).Fr. librettist, composer, and impresario. Stage‐manager at Opéra‐Comique (which was called Salle Favart after him) 1743–55, writing and adapting works for it. ...
child-centred

child-centred  

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Overview Page
A conceptual framework for education, popularized in the 1960s as a result of the Plowden Report (1967), in which children's personal, social, physical, and learning needs were to be at the centre of ...
childhood

childhood  

A variable social construction, the concept of childhood barely existed in early America. In fact, this special period of growth and development experienced before accepting adult responsibilities ...
Children's Books

Children's Books  

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Overview Page
Andrea Immel1 Introduction2 Origins and development3 Children’s texts as printed books4 The MS book5 Defining the children’s book1 Introduction2 Origins and development3 Children’s texts as printed ...
Christophe de Beaumont

Christophe de Beaumont  

(26 January 1703–12 December 1781), archbishop of Paris. Nothing had predisposed Christophe de Beaumont to become archbishop of Paris in August 1746. The premature death of his predecessor explains ...
City Theatre

City Theatre  

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Overview Page
This Charleston, South Carolina, venue started in 1794 as the French Theatre, when the second French company in the USA opened with Rousseau's Pygmalion. Under other managers it was soon ...

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