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Ali Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani

(b. 1934) Iranian statesman and religious leader, President 1989–97

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Ayatollah

Ayatollah  

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Religion
Sign of God. Honorific title in Twelver Shii Islam. Popularly assigned to outstanding legal scholars. General use of the title appeared in the late Qajar period in Iran. It is not used among Shiis of ...
Mahmoud Ahmadinejad

Mahmoud Ahmadinejad  

(b. Garmsar, Iran, 28 Oct. 1956)Iranian; President of the Islamic Republic of Iran 2005–  The son of a blacksmith, he was born in a village about 90 km outside Tehran. His family moved to Tehran when ...
Muhammad Khatami

Muhammad Khatami  

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Religion
(b. 1942)Iranian reformist president. Son of Ayatollah Ruhollah Khatami (d. 1988). Studied religion in Qom and then studied philosophy at Isfahan University and education at Tehran University. Was ...
Ruhollah Khomeini

Ruhollah Khomeini  

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Religion
(1900–89)Iranian Shiite Muslim leader. After 16 years in exile he returned to Iran in 1979 to lead an Islamic revolution which overthrew the shah. He established a fundamentalist Islamic republic, ...

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