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Ali Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani

(b. 1934) Iranian statesman and religious leader, President 1989–97

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Ayatollah

Ayatollah  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Sign of God. Honorific title in Twelver Shii Islam. Popularly assigned to outstanding legal scholars. General use of the title appeared in the late Qajar period in Iran. It is not used among Shiis of ...
Mahmoud Ahmadinejad

Mahmoud Ahmadinejad  

(b. Garmsar, Iran, 28 Oct. 1956)Iranian; President of the Islamic Republic of Iran 2005–  The son of a blacksmith, he was born in a village about 90 km outside Tehran. His family moved to Tehran when ...
Muhammad Khatami

Muhammad Khatami  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(b. 1942)Iranian reformist president. Son of Ayatollah Ruhollah Khatami (d. 1988). Studied religion in Qom and then studied philosophy at Isfahan University and education at Tehran University. Was ...
Rafsanjani, Hashemi

Rafsanjani, Hashemi (1934)   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
77 words

president of Iran (1989–97). After Ayatollah Khomeini's triumphant return in 1979, Rafsanjani became speaker of the

Rafsanjani, Ali Akbar Hashemi

Rafsanjani, Ali Akbar Hashemi (1934–2017)   Quick reference

Who's Who in the Twentieth Century

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
History
Length:
434 words
Iranian statesman who became president of Iran (1989–97) on the death of Ayatollah Khomeini. Rafsanjani was born near Kerman, the son of a pistachio-nut-farming family of ... More
Ruhollah Khomeini

Ruhollah Khomeini  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(1900–89)Iranian Shiite Muslim leader. After 16 years in exile he returned to Iran in 1979 to lead an Islamic revolution which overthrew the shah. He established a fundamentalist Islamic republic, ...

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