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Perpendicular

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Alexander Marshall Mackenzie

Alexander Marshall Mackenzie  

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(1848–1933).Scots architect. He practised with James Matthews (1820–98) in Aberdeen from 1877, designing Greyfriars Church (1906) and the Marischal College (1904–6) in that city, the latter an ...
angel light

angel light  

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Small, roughly triangular light between subordinate arched window-tracery, especially in Perpendicular work.
arch

arch  

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A construction of a block of materials in a curved form used as a support, for example of a bridge, floor, or roof. The simplest arches are semicircular. Pointed arches appeared in Moorish and Gothic ...
architectural styles

architectural styles  

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History
Buildings designed in the style of the Romans continued to be erected in western Europe until the end of the 12th century. In Britain this Romanesque style is divided into the Saxon and Norman ...
battlement

battlement  

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[Co]A crenellated parapet along the top of a wall constructed to aid defence, with merlons (the solid portion) alternating with embrasures (the gaps).
brick

brick  

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[Ar]A kind of building material consisting of a block of dried or baked clay, often with some kind of tempering agent such as stone, sand, or straw. There are many different shapes, sizes, and styles ...
Crowland

Crowland  

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Literature
LincolnshireSmall town off the A47, 10 m. NE of Peterborough, where the half‐ruined Norman abbey towers above the fens. Some consider Gesta Herewardi to have been a 15th‐c. forgery ...
curtain wall

curtain wall  

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1 Part of a straight wall constructed between two advancing structures, such as bastions, buttresses, or piers. In a fortification it is the weakest element, and in a church it is pierced with large ...
Early English

Early English  

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The first of the Gothic styles of architecture in England, it succeeded the Romanesque or Norman and was in general use from the end of the 12th to the end of the 13th centuries. Although the Gothic ...
Edmund More

Edmund More  

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(fl. 1523–d. 1536).English Freemason. Between 1523 and 1533 he worked on Bishop West's exquisite Chantry Chapel in Ely Cathedral, Cambs., a sumptuous work in which late-Perpendicular Gothic and early ...
Edward Graham Paley

Edward Graham Paley  

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(1823–95).English architect, a pupil of Edmund Sharpe (1809–77), with whom he was in practice 1845–51 as Sharpe & Paley. From 1851 he practised as E. G. Paley, and in 1868 the firm became Paley & ...
fan vaults

fan vaults  

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A peculiarly English way of building vaults without ribs or webs, using stones so precisely cut that their inward pressure can support an almost flat ceiling or suspend a sculpted ...
Flamboyant

Flamboyant  

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Of or denoting a style of French Gothic architecture marked by wavy flamelike tracery and ornate decoration.
flint

flint  

Variety of chert, which occurs commonly as nodules and bands in chalk. It is deposited in the porous, permeable structures of sponge, diatom, and echinoid skeletons and also in burrows.
foil

foil  

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A lobe or leaf-shaped curve in Gothic tracery formed by the cusping of a circle or an arch. The number of foils involved is indicated by a prefix, e.g. trefoil, quatrefoil, cinquefoil.
Free Tudor

Free Tudor  

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Style in which late-Perpen-dicular, Tudor, or Elizabethan forms were mingled in a free manner in the late C19 and early C20, e.g. the work of Leonard Stokes.
glass

glass  

[Ma]An artificial material produced by fusing silica sand with an alkali such as potash or sodium. It was probably developed from faience in the Near East during the 3rd millennium bc, but was not ...
Gothic

Gothic  

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Style of architecture and art that succeeded Romanesque and prevailed in Europe (particularly northern Europe) from the mid-12th century to the 16th century. Like many other stylistic labels, the ...
Gothic Revival

Gothic Revival  

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A revival of the Gothic style of architecture which began in the late 18th cent. with a new romantic interest in the medieval, and produced Walpole's Strawberry Hill and Beckford's Fonthill. This was ...
Henry Yevele

Henry Yevele  

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 (d.1400) English mason.Of north Midland origin, Yevele was in London by 1353, working at Kennington Manor in 1357/8 and St Albans Abbey in 1359. He worked at Queenborough Castle ...

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