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Act of Settlement

Act of Settlement  

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Overview Page
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History
(1662),passed by the Irish parliament as part of the Restoration land settlement. Dispossessed proprietors judged by a court of claims to have been innocent of rebellion were to be ...
advowson

advowson  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
In ecclesiastical law, the right to recommend a member of the Anglican clergy for a vacant benefice, or to make such an appointment. The word is recorded from Middle English, in the sense ‘patronage ...
agricultural labourers

agricultural labourers  

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Overview Page
Subject:
History
The distinction between a farm labourer and a farm servant was that a servant was hired on a yearly basis from about the age of 14 and lived on the ...
allotment

allotment  

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Overview Page
Subject:
History
[MC]Land allocated in parcels or blocks to the different proprietors in a parish under the Enclosure Acts of the 18th and 19th centuries ad in lieu of former scattered open‐field arable, meadow, and ...
altar

altar  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The table in a Christian church at which the bread and wine are consecrated in communion services; a table or flat-topped block used as the focus for a religious ritual, especially for making ...
American War of Independence

American War of Independence  

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Overview Page
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History
(1776–83)The American revolution against British rule. It was triggered by colonial resentment at the commercial policies of Britain and by the lack of American participation in political decisions ...
annuity

annuity  

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Overview Page
A contract by which a financial institution such as an insurance company agrees to provide a regular income for the remainder of the holder's life. The name annuity arises from annual payments, but ...
Anskar

Anskar  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(801–65),archbishop of Bremen. Born near Amiens of a noble family, Anskar was educated at Corbie (Picardy), where he became a monk. Later he moved to Corvey (Westphalia), where he began apostolic ...
Antonines

Antonines  

The Hospitaller Order of St Anthony in Viennois (Isère) arose in c.1095. At this time there appeared in Europe a sickness called ignis sacer by reason of the burning pains ...
appropriation

appropriation  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The practice of annexing to a monastery, college, or other spiritual body the tithes and profits of a parish. It was then usually necessary to endow and appoint a vicar to perform the parochial ...
archdeaconries and deaneries

archdeaconries and deaneries  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
The large dioceses of the medieval church were subdivided into smaller administrative units, some of which survive to this day. A bishop delegated administrative authority over parts of his diocese ...
archpriest

archpriest  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
A title of certain clerics in the Roman Catholic and Orthodox Churches. From the 5th cent. on, the archpriest was the senior presbyter of a city, who might take the bishop's place at liturgical ...
Arles

Arles  

(city, kingdom) Situated at the mouth of the Rhône delta in southern France, Arles was an important administrative centre in the late Roman Empire. After a period of decline under ...
Armenian Church

Armenian Church  

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Overview Page
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Religion
An independent Christian Church established in Armenia since c.300 and influenced by Roman and Byzantine as well as Syrian traditions. A small Armenian Catholic Church also exists (see Uniate).
art and architecture: Bulgarian

art and architecture: Bulgarian  

Over most of its history, the medieval Bulgarian state covered the territory of the modern republics of Bulgaria and Macedonia. While outstanding monuments of Byzantine art are found there in ...
Association Oath Rolls

Association Oath Rolls  

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Overview Page
After a plot to assassinate William III in 1696, an Act of Association required all office holders to take a solemn oath of association by which they vowed to help preserve King William III's person ...
beggar

beggar  

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Overview Page
Subject:
History
The Elizabethan Poor Law Acts of 1597–1601 ordered that beggars should be punished by whipping. Examples of such punishment being meted out can be found in quarter sessions and parish ...
Beguines

Beguines  

A member of a lay sisterhood in the Low Countries, formed in the 12th century and not bound by vows; members were allowed to leave their societies for marriage. They are still represented by small ...
benefice

benefice  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
A term originally used for a grant of land for life as a reward for services, in canon law it came to imply an ecclesiastical office which prescribed certain duties or conditions for the due ...
Besançon

Besançon  

In the eastern French Franche-Comté region, Besançon is strategically located, surrounded on three sides by the river Doubs and on the fourth by a mountain. Passing from Roman to Alamannic ...

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