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Brent Scowcroft

Brent Scowcroft  

(1925) U.S. Air Force officer and national security adviser, born in Utah. Scowcroft was educated at West Point and Columbia University, where in 1967 he received a Ph.D. in international ...
Central Intelligence Agency

Central Intelligence Agency  

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History
CIA an independent U.S. agency responsible to the president through its Director and to the people of the United States through Congressional intelligence oversight committees. It was officially ...
chemical and biological warfare

chemical and biological warfare  

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(CBW)The use of synthetic poisonous substances, or organisms such as disease germs, to kill or injure the enemy. They include chlorine, phosgene, and mustard gas (first used in World War I), various ...
Clark McAdams Clifford

Clark McAdams Clifford  

(b. Fort Scott, Kansas, 25 Dec. 1906; d. Bethesda, Maryland, 10 October 1998)US; Special Counsel to the President 1946–50, Secretary for Defense 1968–9 A St Louis lawyer, Clifford became assistant to ...
command and control

command and control  

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The running of an armed force or other organization: a command-and-control bunker.
counterintelligence

counterintelligence  

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N. CI information gathered and activities conducted to protect against espionage, other intelligence activities, sabotage, or assassinations conducted by or on behalf of foreign governments or ...
covert operation

covert operation  

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An operation planned and executed as to conceal the identity of, or permit plausible denial by, the sponsor. A covert operation differs from a clandestine operation in that emphasis is ...
Cuban Missile Crisis

Cuban Missile Crisis  

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An international crisis in October 1962, the closest approach to nuclear war at any time between the US and the USSR. When the US discovered Soviet nuclear missiles on Cuba, President John F. Kennedy ...
DCI

DCI  

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Abbr.Director of Central Intelligence; the senior executive officer of the Central Intelligence Agency, responsible by law for coordinating U.S. intelligence activities.
Department of Defense

Department of Defense  

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(DOD)A US government department presided over by the secretary of defense, with headquarters in the Pentagon. It approved early military launches the Atlas rockets which were later adapted for use by ...
Director of National Intelligence

Director of National Intelligence  

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After criticism of the CIA over its failure to prevent the September 11th 2001 attacks on the United States, the Office of the Director of National Intelligence was created in 2005. The Director of ...
Executive Office of the President

Executive Office of the President  

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Made up of the top agencies of the United States government, including the Office of Management and Budget, National Security Council, and White House Office, with the purpose of coordinating the ...
George J. Tenet

George J. Tenet  

(1953–) born in New York City and the son of Greek immigrants, Tenet attended Georgetown University's School of Foreign Affairs (1976), and received a Master's degree in International Affairs from ...
Henry Kissinger

Henry Kissinger  

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History
(1923–) U.S. statesman, born in Fürth, Germany. Kissinger served as national security advisor (1969–75) and secretary of state (1973–77). During his tenure (the administrations of Presidents Richard ...
Iran-Contra Affair

Iran-Contra Affair  

In 1985, elements within the US National Security Council centred around lieutenant colonel Oliver North began to sell arms, via Israel, to the Islamic republic of Iran. The arms then went to ...
James V. Forrestal

James V. Forrestal  

(b. Beacon, New York, 15 Feb. 1892; d. Bethesda, Maryland, 22 May 1949)US; Secretary of the Navy 1944–7, Secretary of Defense 1947–9 The son of a builder, Forrestal attended local schools before ...
Joint Chiefs of Staff

Joint Chiefs of Staff  

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JCS or J.C.S. the primary military advisory group to the president of the United States, comprised of the chiefs of each of the armed forces—the Air Force, Army, Navy—and the commandant of the Marine ...
Joint Strategic Objectives Plan

Joint Strategic Objectives Plan  

JSOP part of the United States joint strategic planning process developed in the 1950s, the JSOP was prepared each year by the Joint Chiefs of Staff and translated the strategic ...
Korean War

Korean War  

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The war of 1950–3 between North and South Korea. UN troops, dominated by US forces, countered the invasion of South Korea by North Korean forces by invading North Korea, while China intervened on the ...
McGeorge Bundy

McGeorge Bundy  

(1919–1996), historian, educator, U.S. government official.Though associated with academic affairs and philanthropic enterprises for most of his career, McGeorge Bundy is best remembered for his ...

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