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Lucian

(c. 120—180)

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Alexander of Abonuteichos

Alexander of Abonuteichos  

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In Paphlagonia. He was a contemporary of Lucian whose bitterly hostile account, Alexander or the False Prophet, remains the most important source of information, although it must now be read against ...
Alexios Makrembolites

Alexios Makrembolites  

Writer; died after 1349 or 1353.All that is known of his life is that he was in the service of the exisotes Patrikiotes (a financial adviser of John VI ...
Anacharsis

Anacharsis  

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Said by Herodotus to have been a Scythian prince of the 6th century bc, who having travelled widely (and according to one account found that in Greece the Spartans were the only people with whom it ...
ancient scholarship

ancient scholarship  

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GreekIn one sense of the term, scholarship began when literature became a central element of education and the prescribed texts had to be explained and interpreted to pupils in a class. An early ...
Antonius Diogenes

Antonius Diogenes  

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Greek writer of ‘The Incredible Things Beyond Thule’ (Τὰ ὕπερ Θούλην ἅπιστα), a novel (see novel, Greek) in 24 books known only from Photius' confusing epitome (Bibliotheca Cod. 166) and ...
Apelles

Apelles  

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(4th century bc),Greek painter. He is now known only from written sources, as by Pliny's account of his Venus Anadyomene, but was highly acclaimed throughout the ancient world.
Apuleius

Apuleius  

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(born c.123 ad),Roman writer, born in Africa. His writings are characterized by an exuberant and bizarre use of language and he is best known for the Metamorphoses (The Golden Ass), a picaresque ...
artist

artist  

In the MA the artist, or better artifex (‘artificer’), was most frequently considered a practitioner of the mechanical arts. Inextricably linked to his manual activities, he was viewed as a ...
Athenaeus

Athenaeus  

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(fl. c.ad 200),of Naucratis. His only extant work, Deipnosophists (‘Doctors at Dinner’), was probably completed soon after the death of Commodus in 192. It belongs to the learned variety of the ...
Bernard le Bovier de Fontenelle

Bernard le Bovier de Fontenelle  

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Literature
(1657–1757)French man of letters, polymath and philosopher. Educated by Jesuits, he settled in Paris, where from 1699 he was permanent secretary of the Academy of Sciences, and as such a considerable ...
Calamis

Calamis  

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Greek sculptor, active during the second quarter of the 5th cent. bc, to be distinguished from a second Calamis, sculptor and silversmith, working after c.400 bc. He worked in marble ...
Charidemos

Charidemos  

(Ξαρίδημος), also called Peri kallous (On Beauty), a dialogue preserved under the name of Lucian in several MSS of the 14th–15th C. It consists of a conversation between two friends ...
Charles Cotton

Charles Cotton  

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Literature
(1630–87),wrote the dialogue between Piscator and Viator which forms the second part in the fifth edition of The Compleat Angler (1676). He also published Scarronides (1664), a burlesque of Virgil, ...
Chorikios of Gaza

Chorikios of Gaza  

6th-C. Christian rhetorician. Chorikios (Ξορίκιος) was pupil and eulogist of Prokopios of Gaza. Forty-six declamations of various types survive. Apart from the historical value of his panegyric on ...
declamation

declamation  

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Was the main means employed by rhetors to train their pupils for public speaking. It was invented by the Greeks, who brought it to Rome and the Roman world generally. Its developed forms were known ...
Dialogues of the Dead, Four

Dialogues of the Dead, Four  

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Literature
By Prior, written 1721, imaginary conversations on the model set by Lucian. The first is between ‘Charles the Emperor and Clenard the Grammarian’ on the subject of greatness; the second is between ...
disposal of dead

disposal of dead  

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Correct disposal of the dead was a crucial element in easing the soul of the deceased into the next world. However, the forms of burial varied enormously. Great significance was attached to the ...
eclectic

eclectic  

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Terms in criticism for a person or style that conflates features borrowed from various sources. Such a style often arises from the notion that the excellences of great masters can be selected and ...
ekphrasis

ekphrasis  

An extended and detailed literary description of any object, real or imaginary. ‘There are ekphraseis of faces and objects and places and ages and many other things’ (Hermogenes).
Enkomion

Enkomion  

(ἐγκώμιον), or panegyric, a speech of praise. The authors of ancient rhetorical textbooks identified enkomion with epideictic of the good in general (thus Theon in RhetGr, ed. Spengel 2:61.22), and ...

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