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liberal arts

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academy

academy  

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The philosophical school of Plato; Akadēmeia was the name of the garden where Plato originally taught, named after the hero Akadēmos.
Adam of Petit Pont

Adam of Petit Pont  

(12th c.)This master of English origin taught the liberal arts at Paris between 1132 and 1148. He left an Ars disserendi, a treatise on logic in which he was ...
Alessandro Manzoni

Alessandro Manzoni  

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Literature
Title sometimes given to Verdi's Requiem, which was comp. in memory of It. novelist and poet Alessandro Manzoni (1785–1873). F.p. Milan 1874, London 1875.
amateur

amateur  

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Of French origin, ‘amateur’ originally denoted a lover of art and, by implication, often a collector. French sale catalogues of the 18th century were frequently of the collections of ‘un grand ...
arithmetic

arithmetic  

The study of the natural numbers, which are 0, 1, 2, 3…and their successors. Arithmetic is characterized by Peano's postulates. Philosophical questions include the nature of our knowledge of those ...
Baldwin I

Baldwin I  

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History
(c. 1058–1118)King of Jerusalem (1100–18). On the death of his brother, Godfrey of Bouillon, he was crowned first King of Jerusalem. He foiled the ambitions of the Patriarch Daimbert and ensured that ...
Cesare Balbo

Cesare Balbo  

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Literature
(1789–1853).Turinese liberal historian. He was influenced by Gioberti's Neoguelf theories, and in his most famous work, Delle speranze d'Italia (1844), he proposed that Italy should become a ...
Decadentismo

Decadentismo  

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Literature
Term used in Italian criticism primarily to indicate the literary (and often the artistic) culture of late 19th-c. Italy as a whole, not merely a current within it. In this ...
dialectic

dialectic  

The method of reasoning that proceeds by question and answer and logical argument, famously illustrated by the dialogues of Socrates (470–399bce) as recorded by Plato (c.428–347bce). Teaching of ...
education

education  

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History
The systematic instruction of individuals in subjects which will enhance their knowledge of the science and art of war.
Encyclopedias, Medieval

Encyclopedias, Medieval  

No medieval work bore the title Encyclopedia. But many attempted to order the whole of knowledge and could claim an encyclopedic status, starting with the Etymologies of Isidore of Seville ...
Eriugena, John Scottus

Eriugena, John Scottus  

(c.810–c.877)Also known as John the Scot, Eriugena was born in Ireland, achieved a remarkable degree of learning, and taught at the court of Charles the Bald. He is important as a translator and ...
Federico Commandino

Federico Commandino  

(1509–75),Italian humanist, mathematician, and physician, born into a noble family in Urbino. He was taught Latin and Greek by a humanist at Fano before, in 1534, going to the ...
fine arts

fine arts  

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Art created primarily for aesthetic reasons and not for functional use (see applied art). Examples of the fine arts are painting, drawing, sculpture, and printmaking.
Galileo Galilei

Galileo Galilei  

(b. Pisa, 15 February 1564; d. Arcetri, Italy, 8 January 1642)Italian astronomer and natural philosopher, who was one of the earliest true experimental scientists. He constructed, but did not ...
Gilbert of Poitiers

Gilbert of Poitiers  

(after 1085–1154)Gilbert of Poitiers, also called Gilbert de la Porrée (Porreta), was doubtless born in that town. He studied the liberal arts under a certain Hilary, at Poitiers, then ...
Giorgio Occa

Giorgio Occa  

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Literature
(1920– ).Piedmontese journalist and writer. After taking part in the Resistance, he worked first for Milan's La Gazzetta del popolo. A liberal with socialist sympathies, he has since written for ...
Giovanni Pico della Mirandola

Giovanni Pico della Mirandola  

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Literature
(1463–94),an Italian humanist and philosopher, spent part of his life at Florence in the circle of Lorenzo de' Medici. In 1486 he published 900 theses, offering to maintain them at Rome, but some of ...
Giovita Scalvini

Giovita Scalvini  

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Literature
(1791–1843).Patriot and man of letters, who spent much of his adult life in exile. Born near Brescia, he studied at Bologna and Pavia before moving to Milan. He was ...
Giuseppe Montani

Giuseppe Montani  

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Literature
(1789–1833).Literary critic and poet. Originally from Cremona, he became a Barnabite, until the order was suppressed under Napoleon. A sympathizer with the Milanese Romantics and liberals, he moved ...

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