Overview

Islamic fundamentalism

Return to overview »

You are looking at 1-20 of 36 entries

  • Type: Overview Page x
clear all

View:

Afghanistan

Afghanistan  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
Still a battleground between the Taliban and government and NATO forces.Afghanistan is a largely mountainous country: more than half the territory is above 2,000 metres. Its central highlands are the ...
al-Qaeda

al-Qaeda  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
A network of Islamic fundamentalist groups, founded in 1988 and associated with the terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center in 2001. The name comes from Arabic, meaning literally ‘the base’.
Bahrain

Bahrain  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
Bahrain is dominated by its constitutional monarch but tensions are risingThe state of Bahrain consists of around 30 islands in the Persian Gulf. Bahrain island itself, which has more than 85% of the ...
Benazir Bhutto

Benazir Bhutto  

(b. 21 June 1953; d. 27 Dec. 2007).Prime Minister of Pakistan 1988–90, 1993–6Early careerBorn in the Sind Province as the daughter of Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, Benazir studied history and politics at ...
Benjadid Chadli

Benjadid Chadli  

(b. 14 Apr. 1929).President of Algeria 1979–92 Born into a peasant family in Bouteldja, he joined the movement for Algerian independence in 1955. As a protégé of Boumédienne, he quickly advanced ...
Bülent Ecevit

Bülent Ecevit  

(b. 28 May 1925, d. 11 May 2006).Prime Minister of Turkey 1974, 1977, 1978–9, 1998–2002 Born in Istanbul, where he studied, in 1953 the writer joined the left‐of‐centre Republican People's Party, and ...
Chadli Benjedid

Chadli Benjedid  

1929– Third president of Algeria.Chadli Benjedid grew up in the Annaba region of colonial Algeria, then joined the military wing of the national liberation group, the Front de Libération ...
Eritrea

Eritrea  

A country in north-eastern Africa, on the Red Sea.Physical.Eritrea consists of a narrow coastal low-lying area and rises towards the Ethiopian plateau in the south. It is very hot and ...
Hafez al- Assad

Hafez al- Assad  

(b. 6 Oct. 1930, d. 16 Oct. 2000).President of Syria 1971–2000Early careerBorn in Qardaha into the Alawi sect, he became an officer in the airforce. He joined the Ba'ath Party in the 1950s, and ...
Ḥizbullāh

Ḥizbullāh  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
An extremist Shiite Muslim group which has close links with Iran, created after the Iranian revolution of 1979 and active especially in Lebanon. The name comes from Arabic ḥizbullāh ‘Party of God’.
Hosni Mubarak

Hosni Mubarak  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(1928– )Egyptian statesman, President since 1981. Appointed head of the Egyptian air force in 1972, Mubarak became Vice-President in 1975 and succeeded President Sadat following the latter's ...
Islamic Salvation Front

Islamic Salvation Front  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Algerian Islamist party (Front Islamique du Salut, FIS). Founded in 1989 by Abbasi Madani, Ali Bel Hadj, and al-Hashimi Sahnuni, the FIS eschewed democratic structures; Bel Hajj and Sahnuni in ...
Jaafar al- Nimieri

Jaafar al- Nimieri  

(b. 1930?).President of Sudan 1971–85 He graduated from Khartoum Military College in 1952, and became a commanding officer of the Sudanese army. He led the 1969 coup against Azhari and became ...
Khaled

Khaled  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Music
B. Khaled Hadj Brahim, 29 February 1960, Sidi-El-Houari, Oran, Algeria. Singing and playing accordion from an early age, Khaled dropped out of school to pursue a musical career in spite ...
Kyrgyzstan

Kyrgyzstan  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
A country in central Asia bounded by Kazakhstan on the north and north-west, Uzbekistan on the south-west, and Tajikistan on the south.Physical.On the south-east the Tian Shan range of mountains, ...
Libya

Libya  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
Libya is ending its diplomatic isolation, but democracy is still not on the agendaMost of Libya is a vast barren plain of rocks and sand. The majority of the population live in Tripolitania, in the ...
Muslim Brotherhood

Muslim Brotherhood  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
An Islamic fundamentalist movement created by the pious Egyptian Muslim schoolteacher Hasan al-Banna (b. 1906, d. 1949) in 1928. Aiming to rejuvenate Islam, it sought to impose Islamic law (Shariah) ...
Naguib Mahfouz

Naguib Mahfouz  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1911–2006)Egyptian novelist and writer; the first Arabic writer to receive the NobelPrize for Literature (1988).Educated at Cairo University, Mahfouz followed his father into the Egyptian civil ...
Nigeria

Nigeria  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
Nigeria's democratic government is struggling to reverse decades of economic and social declineNigeria can be divided into four main regions. The humid coastal belt includes extensive swamplands and ...
oil price shock

oil price shock  

(1973, 1979)The trigger for two worldwide economic crises in the 1970s and early 1980s, caused by a sudden and drastic increase in the price of crude oil. In 1973 Arab states responded to US and ...

View: