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accent

accent  

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Overview Page
Accents in writing are marks (technically diacritical marks) qualifying certain letters to indicate particular meanings, sound values, or stresses on particular syllables. They are more common in ...
alphabet, printer's

alphabet, printer's  

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Set of types kept in upper case, lower case, and small capitals within a fount. It originally excluded j (represented by i), u (represented by v), and w (represented by ...
American Type Founders Co.

American Type Founders Co.  

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In response to competition from Linotype and Monotype and their hot-metal composition methods, 23 typefoundries established the American Type Founders Co. in 1892. It acquired rights to a large ...
Antonio Blado

Antonio Blado  

Printers in Rome. Antonio (1490–1567), active from 1516, official papal printer (1535–67), produced books in eastern and western founts; music and elaborately illustrated works; and bulls, briefs, ...
Arabic type

Arabic type  

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Arabic script is essentially cursive, with most letters of the alphabet joined to the preceding letter in a word, and many to the following one as well. This often involves ...
Association Typographique Internationale

Association Typographique Internationale  

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(ATypI)Association for type designers and manufacturers, founded in 1957. The first members were drawn from several type foundries, and intended to agree upon a common procedure for licensing ...
Austrian State Printing Office

Austrian State Printing Office  

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Established by V. Degen in 1804 as the Hof- und Staatsdruckerei, to produce official documents. Under von Welsbach’s direction, it acquired many foreign founts and added a publishing branch. ...
base font

base font  

A font which is the default font for a document or Web page. Most software for producing documents and Web pages allows the user to specify what the base font is to be. Often it is Times New Roman.
bitmap

bitmap  

A graphic which is made up of a number of pixels. An example of a bitmap format is the Graphics Interchange Format. See bitmapped graphic.
body type

body type  

The font that is used for displaying the main text of a document or a Web page. This is often the Times New Roman font.
Caslon family

Caslon family  

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London punchcutters and typefounders. William I (1693–1766), apprenticed to a London gunlock engraver, set up on his own by 1716, also making tools for bookbinders and silver-plate chasers. W. Bowyer ...
Charles Wilkins

Charles Wilkins  

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Subject:
Religion
(1749–1846)A pioneering British Orientalist and Sanskrit scholar. An employee of the East India Company, he published A Grammar of Sanskrit in 1779, followed, in 1785, by the first complete ...
Chinese type

Chinese type  

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The world’s first description of movable type refers to type made of baked clay by Bi Sheng in the 1040s (see 40). The oldest surviving works produced with type date ...
collational formula

collational formula  

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Overview Page
A formulaic note of all the gatherings, individual leaves, and cancels as they appear in the ideal copy of a book, intended to show how the volume was constructed and ...
Cyrillic type

Cyrillic type  

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Overview Page
Cyrillic movable type was first used in 1491 in Cracow by the German merchant Fiol to print four liturgical books. It was introduced independently in 1494 in Cetinje by the ...
desktop publishing

desktop publishing  

(DTP)The use of a computer system or workstation together with a page printer to perform many of the functions of a print shop. These include page layout and design, the choice of font, and the ...
digital composition

digital composition  

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A computerized method of preparing text for printing. Characters are generated digitally (using programs such as troff, TeX, or LaTeX) and stored electronically. Now ubiquitous, digital composition ...
display type

display type  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
*Typeface(s) used for display text, which in a particular document may differ from the font used for the main body text. A font size larger than that of the body type is normally used, with relative ...
Édouard Pelletan

Édouard Pelletan  

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 (1854–1912) Parisian publisher (1896–1912) of modestly priced French classics.Advocating letterpress as each book’s dominant factor, upon which illustration should not encroach, Pelletan initiated ...
Erhard Ratdolt

Erhard Ratdolt  

 (1447–c.1528) Printer in Venice and Augsburg.Ratdolt’s Venetian press (1476–86) developed numerous typographical innovations (Renaissance initials and borders, printing in multiple colours), and ...

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