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Adarand Constructors, Inc. v. Pena

Adarand Constructors, Inc. v. Pena  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
515 U.S. 200 (1995), argued 17 Jan. 1995, decided 12 June by vote of 5 to 4; O’Connor for the Court, Scalia, Kennedy, Thomas concurring, Stevens, Ginsburg, and Souter in dissent. During the 1960s and ...
affirmative action

affirmative action  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
Any form of positive discrimination taken to assist or promote members of disadvantaged groups, e.g. under Affirmative Action (Equal Employment Opportunity for Women) Act 1986 (Cth). See ...
alien

alien  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
N.A person who, under the law of a particular state, is not a citizen of that state. Aliens are usually classified as resident aliens (domiciled in the host country) or transient aliens (temporarily ...
alimony

alimony  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Law
N.Formerly, financial provision made by a husband to his wife when they are living apart. Alimony is now known as maintenance or financial provision.
Arlington Heights v. Metropolitan Housing Development Corp.

Arlington Heights v. Metropolitan Housing Development Corp.  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
429 U.S. 252 (1977), argued 13 Oct. 1976, decided 11 Jan. 1977 by vote of 7 to 1; Powell for the Court, Marshall and Brennan concurring in part and dissenting in part, White in dissent; Stevens not ...
Armstrong, United States v.

Armstrong, United States v.  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
517 U.S. 456, 116 S.Ct. 1480, 134 L.Ed.2d 687, argued 26 Feb. 1996, decided 13 May 1996 by a vote of 8 to 1 Chief Justice Rehnquist delivered the opinion of the Court, Justices Souter and Ginsburg ...
Baker v. Carr

Baker v. Carr  

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Subject:
Law
(USA, 1962)The first of a series of Supreme Court decisions which undermined the custom of manipulating legislative apportionments at state and federal levels for political or racial purposes. ...
Batson v. Kentucky

Batson v. Kentucky  

Reference type:
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Subject:
Law
476 U.S. 79 (1986), argued 12 Dec. 1985, decided 30 Apr. 1986 by vote of 7 to 2; Powell for the Court, White, Marshall, O’Connor, and Stevens (with Brennan) concurring, Burger and Rehnquist in ...
Bolling v. Sharpe

Bolling v. Sharpe  

Reference type:
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Subject:
Law
347 U.S. 497 (1954), argued 10–11 Dec. 1952, reargued 8–9 Dec. 1953, decided 17 May 1954 by vote of 9 to 0; Warren for the Court. Chief Justice Earl Warren held that the Due Process Clause of the ...
Bowers v. Hardwick

Bowers v. Hardwick  

Reference type:
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Subject:
Law
478 U.S. 186 (1986), argued 31 Mar. 1986, decided 30 June 1986 by vote of 5 to 4; White for the Court, Blackmun and Stevens in dissent. In this case, the Supreme Court refused to extend the ...
Breediove v. Suttles

Breediove v. Suttles  

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Subject:
Law
302 U.S. 277 (1937), argued 16–17 Nov. 1937, decided 6 Dec. 1937 by vote of 9 to 0; Butler for the Court. This case involved a challenge to the Georgia poll tax by a white male citizen who claimed ...
Brown v. Board of Education

Brown v. Board of Education  

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Subject:
Law
(1954)Plessy v Ferguson (1896) upheld the constitutionality of state laws requiring the separation of the races on private railroads. The decision, asserting that segregation was permissible if the ...
Burton v. Wilmington Parking Authority

Burton v. Wilmington Parking Authority  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
365 U.S. 715 (1961), argued 21, 23 Feb. 1961, decided 17 Apr. 1961 by vote of 6 to 3; Clark for the Court; Harlan, Frankfurter, and Whittaker in dissent. In this case the Court addressed the vexing ...
Charles Hamilton (1895–1950) Houston

Charles Hamilton (1895–1950) Houston  

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Subject:
Law
,litigator, law school educator, with a principal role in defining, planning, and implementing the legal phase of the African-American struggle for racial justice, 1930–50.Born in the District of ...
citizenship

citizenship  

In political theory citizens, as opposed to subjects, are thought of as the free and equal participants in the democratic government of the body politic. See democracy, republicanism.
civil rights

civil rights  

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In countries that have victimized certain groups in society, this means emancipation, elimination of segregation, equity, and equality of access to the services and institutions of society. See also ...
Colegrove v. Green

Colegrove v. Green  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
328 U.S. 549 (1946), argued 7–8 Mar. 1946, decided 10 June 1946 by vote of 4 to 3; Frankfurter for the Court, Black in dissent, Jackson not participating (Stone's death left one vacancy). Qualified ...
Conflict of Laws

Conflict of Laws  

Reference type:
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Subject:
Law
The field of law comprising the body of rules to which resort is made when multi-jurisdictional issues arise. Although the doctrines, rules and principles of private law generally assume that ...
Congressional Power To Enforce Amendments

Congressional Power To Enforce Amendments  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
Once ratified, constitutional amendments become the law of the land, equal in authority to provisions in the original Constitution itself. Just as some clauses in the original constitutional text ...
Constitution of the United States

Constitution of the United States  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
The basic written set of principles and precedents of federal government in the US, which came into operation in 1789 and has since been modified by twenty-six amendments.Constitution State an ...

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