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Crimean War

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Alexander II

Alexander II  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
(1818–81)Emperor of Russia (1855–81). Known as the ‘Tsar Liberator’, he was the eldest son of Nicholas I and succeeded to the throne when the Crimean War had revealed Russia's backwardness. His ...
alliance

alliance  

N. a union or association formed for mutual benefit, especially between countries or organizations: a defensive alliance between Australia and New Zealand | divisions within the alliance.
Balaclava

Balaclava  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
A battle of the Crimean War, fought between Russia and an alliance of British, French, and Turkish forces in and around the port of Balaclava (now Balaklava) in the southern Crimea in 1854. The ...
battle of Alma

battle of Alma  

1854.On 20 September, a week after disembarking in the Crimea, British, French, and Turkish troops under Raglan and St Arnaud launched an attack on Menshikov's forces blocking their advance on ...
blockade

blockade  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
N. an act of sealing off a place to prevent goods or people from entering or leaving.run a blockade (of a ship) manage to enter or leave a blockaded port.[...]
Board and Master-General of Ordnance

Board and Master-General of Ordnance  

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Overview Page
The Board of Ordnance was responsible for the British army's train of artillery, comprising guns and engineer services, and came under the control of the Master-General of the Ordnance. This ...
Campbell, Sir Colin, 1st Baron Clyde

Campbell, Sir Colin, 1st Baron Clyde  

(1792–1863).Campbell was born in Glasgow and entered the army in 1807. He fought in many of the most celebrated campaigns of his era: the Peninsular War (1808–14); the Demerara ...
Charge of the Light Brigade

Charge of the Light Brigade  

1854.During the battle of Balaclava (25 October 1854) Lord Raglan ordered Lord Lucan to advance his cavalry to stop the Russians removing captured cannon from the Causeway Heights. Confusion led to ...
Charles George Gordon

Charles George Gordon  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
(1833–85)British general and colonial administrator. He went to China in 1860 while serving with the Royal Engineers, and became known as ‘Chinese Gordon’ after crushing the Taiping Rebellion ...
civil service

civil service  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
Government posts were filled by patronage until well into the reign of Victoria. The Northcote–Trevelyan Report (1854) recommended changes, including entry to a civil service by competitive ...
column and line

column and line  

Reference type:
Overview Page
One of the age-old problems of tactics and battlefield handling is the tension between the need for shock action and the requirement to deliver effective fire at a distance. This ...
Commune de Paris

Commune de Paris  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
The group which seized the municipal government of Paris in the French Revolution and played a leading part in the Reign of Terror until suppressed in 1794.The Commune is also the name given to the ...
Comte de MacMahon

Comte de MacMahon  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
(1808–93)French statesman. Of Irish descent, he fought successfully in the Crimea and at the battles of Magenta and Solferino in 1859. As a general in the Franco-Prussian War he was defeated at Worth ...
death penalty

death penalty  

Reference type:
Overview Page
There are conventional prohibitions on the death penalty in some human rights instruments; the Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights of 15 December 1989 ...
Eastern Question

Eastern Question  

This was the problem created by the slow collapse of the Ottoman (Turkish) empire. Turkey's weakness became apparent in a series of wars with Russia in the late 18th cent. The British feared that, if ...
Edward Cardwell

Edward Cardwell  

(1813–86).Son of a Liverpool merchant, educated at Winchester and Balliol College, Oxford, Cardwell became a Conservative MP in 1841. He followed the Peelite free traders after the party split of ...
Fitzroy James Henry Somerset Raglan, 1st Baron

Fitzroy James Henry Somerset Raglan, 1st Baron  

(1788–1855)British soldier. Joining the army in 1804, he served as aide-de-camp to Arthur Wellesley (Duke of Wellington) during the Peninsular War, and lost an arm at the Battle of Waterloo. ...
Florence Nightingale

Florence Nightingale  

(1820–1910)The British nurse and founder of modern nursing practice, emphasizing effective use of hospital hygiene, compassionate care, and, above all, a foundation in systematic statistical ...
Foreign Legion

Foreign Legion  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A military formation of the French army established in 1831 to fight France's colonial wars. Composed, except for the higher ranks, of non-Frenchmen, the Legion was famed for its audacity ...
France, relations with

France, relations with  

From the Norman Conquest of 1066 England was involved in a series of French wars arising out of the continental possessions (and claims) of the Norman and still more of ...

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