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constitutionalism

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1848

1848  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
The most celebrated and widespread of the 19th-c. European revolutions proved also a crucial turning point in the Italian Risorgimento. Beginning with an insurrection in Palermo in January, ...
Article III

Article III  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
The story of Article III, the judiciary article of the Constitution, is in many ways the story of American constitutionalism itself. The tale has a beginning but no end, and it is fraught with ...
constitutional democracy

constitutional democracy  

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Overview Page
The government of the United States is called a constitutional democracy. It is a democracy because the government is based on the consent of the people. Further, the government operates ...
constitutional law

constitutional law  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
One of the eleven core subjects a law student must pass to qualify as a candidate for admission to practise law. See Priestley eleven.Constitutional law is a public law ...
corresponding societies

corresponding societies  

The initial welcome for the French Revolution in Britain came largely from middle‐class and dissenting groups, but its ideas soon gained wider popularity through the spread of Painite radicalism, ...
Elizabeth Hamilton

Elizabeth Hamilton  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1756–1816),novelist: lives and writes in Edinburgh and Bath; d. and buried in Harrogate. Memoirs of Modern Philosophers 1800, The Cottagers of Glenburnie 1808.
Federalist

Federalist  

1 a member or supporter of the Federalist Party, an early political party in the United States that emphasized strong central government.2 one who advocates a political system in ...
Glorious Revolution

Glorious Revolution  

Title given to the revolution of 1688–9, which resulted in the ‘abdication’ of James II and the succession of William III and Mary II. Participants had differing objectives. Tories and Anglican ...
Henry Hunt

Henry Hunt  

(1773–1835)British political reformer. He advocated, among other things, full adult suffrage and secret ballots. An outstanding public speaker, in August 1819 he addressed the crowd at the great ...
History

History  

Among historians of ‘history’ the Romantic period is recognized as a kind of watershed. Such dates as 1830, 1790–1830, ‘the late eighteenth century’, or ‘the early nineteenth century’ have commonly ...
John Cartwright

John Cartwright  

(1740–1824),gentleman reformer. Towards the end of his long political career Cartwright began to be called ‘father of reform’, a title that well sums up his contribution to popular radicalism in this ...
judicial review

judicial review  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
1 The principal means by which the High Court exercises supervision over public authorities in accordance with the doctrine of * ultra vires. The power of the High Court to exercise judicial review ...
Leigh Hunt

Leigh Hunt  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1784–1859)Writer, publisher, and editor, born at Southgate, the son of a poor clergyman. Hunt received his schooling as a charity boy at Christ's Hospital. His first collection of poems ...
liberty under the Constitution

liberty under the Constitution  

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Overview Page
Liberty means that a person is free to make choices about, for example, what to say or to do. A primary purpose of constitutional government in the United States is ...
Lord Edward Fitzgerald

Lord Edward Fitzgerald  

(1763–98),radical. A younger son of the 1st duke of Leinster, FitzGerald served in the British forces in North America during the American Revolution. He later became an admirer of ...
natural law

natural law  

A system of rules of conduct based on a set of concepts about human nature; said to be the innate ways people behave toward one another under favorable circumstances. This includes cooperative mutual ...
parliamentary government

parliamentary government  

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Overview Page
A system of government which allocates public decision-making powers to a house of elected representatives, or parliament, typically including decisions on national laws and regulations, the ...
popular sovereignty

popular sovereignty  

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Overview Page
A political condition in which the people are soverreign, that is, the people exercise the definitive decision-making power.
republicanism

republicanism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
An ideal of government that emphasizes the role of the active, participating citizen in government, often looking back to the role of the citizen in ancient Rome or Athens. Institutionally it aims at ...
Samuel Horsley

Samuel Horsley  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1733–1806), Bp. successively of St Davids (1788), Rochester (1793), and St Asaph (1802). He is famous chiefly for his controversy with J. Priestley over the doctrines of the Trinity and Christ's ...

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