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Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament

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Antinuclear Power Protests in the United States

Antinuclear Power Protests in the United States  

The history of nuclear power in the United States began with the top-secret Manhattan Project (1942–1946), in which the first atomic bomb was produced and used in 1945 against Japan ...
Bertrand Russell

Bertrand Russell  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(third Earl Russell) (1872–1970), wrote voluminously on philosophy, logic, education, economics, and politics, and throughout his life was the champion of advanced political and social causes. While ...
committee

committee  

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Overview Page
Literally, a small group of people to whom a larger group has delegated the power to act or formulate recommendations. In ordinary usage, however, a committee is not always a subgroup of a larger one ...
Commonweal Collection

Commonweal Collection  

The Commonweal Collection is a unique peace resource based in Britain: a library of more than eleven thousand books, pamphlets, and videos and 150 periodicals and journals. These resources and ...
disarmament

disarmament  

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Overview Page
The process or policy of reducing levels of armaments, especially in the nuclear age, with the implication that possession of arms itself stimulates conflict. It is distinct from arms control—the ...
E. P. Thompson

E. P. Thompson  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1924–93)Historian, born in Oxford and educated at Corpus Christi College, Cambridge; for many years (1948–65) an extramural lecturer at Leeds University. His works include an influential study of ...
European Nuclear Disarmament

European Nuclear Disarmament  

[This entry contains two subentries: 1975–1985 and 1980–1992.]From the late 1950s to the early 1960s, some pacifists, parts of the labor movement, and independents on the socialist left began ...
Films for Peace

Films for Peace  

Film is a powerful medium that can change, and indeed may have changed, the way humans conceive of the world and the events that take place in it. Filmmakers, consciously ...
Gandhian Influence on Peace Movement

Gandhian Influence on Peace Movement  

Mohandas K. Gandhi is probably the best-known peace activist of recent times. His life example, writings, and particularly his nonviolent campaigns to free his native India from British colonialism ...
Greenham Common

Greenham Common  

A village near Newbury, Berkshire, the site of a US cruise missile base which became a focus for anti-nuclear protests in the 1980s.
Helsinki Accords

Helsinki Accords  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Law
The Helsinki Accords of 1975 are a diplomatic agreement among thirty-five states that exerted significant influence on its communist signatories in the field of human rights. The Accords are an ...
International Campaigns for Nuclear Disarmament

International Campaigns for Nuclear Disarmament  

The struggle against nuclear weapons began even before they existed.1945–1954During World War II, many scientists working on the Manhattan Project (the U.S. effort to produce an atomic bomb) ...
J. B. Priestley

J. B. Priestley  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1894–1984)British novelist, critic, playwright, and broadcaster. He was appointed to the OM in 1977.Priestley was born and educated in Bradford, where his father was a schoolmaster. Throughout World ...
Joseph Rotblat

Joseph Rotblat  

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Overview Page
Sir Joseph (Józef) Rotblat (1908–2005) was born in Warsaw to a well-to-do Jewish family. His father’s business, however, was destroyed during World War I. As a child Rotblat experienced hunger ...
Labour Party

Labour Party  

Labour has been the principal progressive alternative to the Conservative Party since the 1920s, forming governments in 1924, 1929–31, 1945–51, 1964–70, 1974–9, and 1997. The Labour Representation ...
Michael Foot

Michael Foot  

(b. 23 July 1913).British Labour leader 1980–3 Born in Plymouth, he was initially a Liberal, but joined the Labour Party after working in Liverpool's poverty‐stricken areas whilst at Wadham College, ...
Neil Kinnock

Neil Kinnock  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
(b. Tredegar, South Wales, 28 Mar. 1942)British; leader of Labour Party 1983–92; European commissioner 1995–9; vice-president of the European Commission (with responsibility for administrative ...
nongovernmental Organization

nongovernmental Organization  

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Overview Page
(NGO)A private international organization that acts as a mechanism for cooperation among private national groups in both municipal and international affairs, particularly in economic, social, ...
nuclear bomb

nuclear bomb  

The first and only nuclear bomb to have been used in warfare was the atomic bomb, which was developed in the Manhattan Project, and exploded over Hiroshima and Nagasaki on 6 and 9 August 1945 ...
Nuclear Controversies in the United States

Nuclear Controversies in the United States  

“Dear Mr. President: Some recent work by E. Fermi and L. Szilard leads me to expect that the element uranium may be turned into a new and important source of ...

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