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Alberto Radicati di Passerano

Alberto Radicati di Passerano  

(1698– 1737), Italian-born religious controversialist and author. Alberto Radicati di Passerano, who was born in 1698 either at Passerano or Casalborgone, of an old Piedmontese noble family, did not ...
Andrew Fuller

Andrew Fuller  

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Religion
(1754–1815),Baptist divine. A native of Cambridgeshire, he was ordained pastor of the Baptist congregation at Soham in 1775, and in 1782 became minister at Kettering. While at Soham he ...
Andrew Martin Fairbairn

Andrew Martin Fairbairn  

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Philosophy
(1838–1912), Congregational theologian. He was the first principal of Mansfield College, Oxford (1886–1909). After visiting Germany, he warmly advocated theological liberalism. His eloquence, ...
Anne Brontë

Anne Brontë  

(1820–1849) British novelist and poetAgnes Grey (1847) FictionThe Tenant of Wildfell Hall (1848) FictionAgnes Grey (1847) FictionThe Tenant of Wildfell Hall (1848) Fiction
antinomianism

antinomianism  

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Religion
The belief held by various sects, but particularly by radical protestant movements of the 16th and 17th centuries, that certain chosen Christians are by faith or by predestination unable to sin, and ...
Antoine Arnauld

Antoine Arnauld  

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Religion
(1612–94), French theologian and philosopher. A brother of Angelique Arnauld (see following entry), from 1638 he was in touch with Saint-Cyran and in 1641 he retired to Port-Royal. His book De la ...
apologetics

apologetics  

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Religion
In theology, the attempt to show that a faith is either provable by reason, or at least consistent with reason. More generally, the attempts to defend a doctrine.
Arminianism

Arminianism  

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Religion
The doctrine of James Arminius or Harmensen (d. 1609), a Dutch Protestant theologian whose views were opposed to those of Calvin, especially on predestination.
Arnold Geulincx

Arnold Geulincx  

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Religion
(1624–69)Born in Antwerp, Geulincx studied and taught at Louvain, until in 1658 he was deprived of his chair. Leaving Louvain he settled at Leiden, where he became a Calvinist. He is principally ...
Augustus Montague Toplady

Augustus Montague Toplady  

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Literature
(1740–78),is remembered for his hymns, especially ‘Rock of Ages’, published in the Gospel Magazine in 1775.
Baruch Spinoza

Baruch Spinoza  

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Philosophy
 (1632–77) Leading Dutch-Jewish philosopher,banned by the Portuguese Jewish community in 1656, probably because of his criticisms of the Scriptures (but possibly because of a financial dispute with ...
Beilby Porteus

Beilby Porteus  

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Religion
(1731–1808), Bp. of London from 1787. He was of American descent. He identified himself with the practical ideals of the rising Evangelical school, and he promoted mission work among the Black slaves ...
Benjamin Whichcote

Benjamin Whichcote  

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Religion
(1609–83)English liberal theologian. Whichcote was the senior of the Cambridge Platonists, and through his position as Provost of King's was an influential opponent of the Calvinism of his time. He ...
Bereans

Bereans  

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Religion
A religious sect founded at Edinburgh in 1773 by J. Barclay and so called from their zeal in studying the Bible (cf. Acts 17: 10 f.). Berean communities were established in London and Bristol as well ...
Bohemian Brethren

Bohemian Brethren  

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Religion
Later known as ‘Moravian Brethren’ and ‘Unitas Fratrum’. They were a group of Utraquists who formally separated from that body in 1467; they stood for a simple and unworldly Christianity. Organized ...
Book of Common Order

Book of Common Order  

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Religion
1 The directory of worship drawn up by J. Knox in 1556 for the English Protestant congregation in Geneva. Appointed for use in Scotland by the General Assembly in 1562, it was replaced by the ...
C. H. Spurgeon

C. H. Spurgeon  

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Religion
(1834–92), Baptist preacher. In 1854 he went to Southwark; his sermons drew such crowds that a new church, the Metropolitan Tabernacle in Newington Causeway, was built. He estranged some members of ...
Cambridge Platonists

Cambridge Platonists  

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Philosophy
A small group of mid-17th century thinkers centred on Cambridge, whose members included Ralph Cudworth, Henry More, and Benjamin Whichcote. The problems they addressed included the rise of low-church ...
Charles de Guise

Charles de Guise  

(1525–74),French cardinal, the younger brother of François de Lorraine, second duke of Guise. He was destined for a career in the Church, to which end he was appointed archbishop ...
Charles Grandison Finney

Charles Grandison Finney  

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Religion
(1792–1875), American evangelist. In 1821 he underwent a conversion experience. He was ordained by the Presbytery of Oneida, NY, in 1824, and began his rise to prominence as an itinerant revivalist ...

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