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Burlington, Richard Boyle, 3rd Earl of

(1694—1753) architect, collector, and patron of the arts

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assembly rooms

assembly rooms  

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Large room or suite of rooms for the reception of large parties, for concerts, dinners, balls, etc. A good example is the assembly-room at York by Burlington (1731–2). Assembly-rooms were an ...
Charles Bridgeman

Charles Bridgeman  

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(d. 1738).English landscape-architect who had an enormous influence on the design of the informal English garden, introducing features that preceded the looser plans of Brown and Kent. He is credited ...
Charles Cameron

Charles Cameron  

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 (mid 1740s–1812) British architect, active in Russia.He went to Italy in 1768, where he compiled the sketches which formed the basis of his book, The Baths of the Romans (1772).[...]
Chiswick House

Chiswick House  

Chiswick, London, England, was built for the 3rd Earl of Burlington between 1727 and 1729. Burlington designed the house himself and made it one of the most attractive and influential ...
Colen Campbell

Colen Campbell  

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 (1676–1729) Scottish architect.In 1715 he published the first of three volumes of Vitruvius Britannicus, in which he illustrated contemporary British architecture and advocated the ‘Antique ...
Egyptian hall

Egyptian hall  

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Type of grand rectangular public room, neither its style nor form having any connection with Egypt. It was evolved by Palladio based on descriptions in Vitruvius, its essential elements being an ...
Elias of Dereham

Elias of Dereham  

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(fl. 1188; d. 1245) Clerical administrator associated with major episcopal and royal works,notably the shrine of Thomas Becket at Canterbury (1220), the construction of Salisbury cathedral, works for ...
genius loci

genius loci  

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Latin term meaning ‘the genius of the place’, referring to the presiding deity or spirit. Every place has its own unique qualities, not only in terms of its physical makeup, but of how it is ...
Georgian

Georgian  

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[CP]In England the Georgian period is approximately 1714–1810. Architectural styles of the period were derived from classical and Renaissance Italian architecture.
Giacomo Leoni

Giacomo Leoni  

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 (c.1686–1746) Venetian architect.Leoni’s fame rests on his career in England. This began, after a brief sojourn in Düsseldorf, with his edition of Palladio’s I Quattro Libri (1715–20), a principal ...
Henry Flitcroft

Henry Flitcroft  

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 (1697–1769) English architect.Apprenticed as a joiner, Flitcroft became Lord Burlington’s assistant, working on the Dormitory at Westminster School. In 1726 he became Clerk of Works at Whitehall, ...
Henry Wotton

Henry Wotton  

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Literature
(1568–1639) English diplomat and poetThe Elements of Architecture (1624) Non-FictionReliquiae Wottonianae; or, A Collection of Lives, Letters, Poems (1651) MiscellaneousThe Elements of Architecture ...
Herbert, Henry, 9th Earl of Pembroke

Herbert, Henry, 9th Earl of Pembroke  

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(c. 1693–1751).Owner of Wilton House, Wilts., he studied at Christ Church College, Oxford, in the time of Aldrich, and was active in promoting the Palladianism that Inigo Jones had introduced, and ...
Holkham Hall

Holkham Hall  

(Norfolk),2 miles west of Wells-next-the-Sea, is a slightly forbidding house, built in a rather hard and unlovable local yellow brick. But the grand hall and staircase is majestic and ...
Inigo Jones

Inigo Jones  

(1573–1652),English architect and stage designer. He introduced the Palladian style to England; notable buildings include the Queen's House at Greenwich (1616) and the Banqueting Hall at Whitehall ...
Isaac Ware

Isaac Ware  

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 (1704–66) English architect.Reputedly educated under Lord Burlington’s guidance and trained by Thomas Ripley, Ware gained the first of several posts in 1728 in the Office of Works. He published ...
James Gibbs

James Gibbs  

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(1682–1754).A Scots RC, he turned to architecture in 1704 while training for the priesthood in Rome, and became a pupil of Carlo Fontana. He returned to Britain in 1709, having acquired a thorough ...
James Paine

James Paine  

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(1717–89).English architect. He established himself in Burlington's circle as the Clerk of Works at Nostell Priory, Yorks. (c. 1737–50), a large Palladian house by James Moyser (c. 1693–1753) ...
John Carr

John Carr  

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(1723–1807) English architect.He designed over 120 public buildings and churches, and nearly 90 private houses in a dignified Palladian style that suited midland and northern gentry, including Heath ...
John Vanbrugh

John Vanbrugh  

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 (1664–1726) English playwright and architect.After a varied career, eventually as a renowned playwright (The Relapse 1696; The Provok’d Wife 1697), Vanbrugh’s ambitions took a sudden and unexplained ...

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