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Burgundy

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Abbeville

Abbeville  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
[Si]A gravel pit in the 45 m gravel terrace of the Somme Valley, France, from which numerous handaxes were obtained by Boucher de Perthes and others from ad 1836 onwards and which in 1939 gave its ...
Adornes family

Adornes family  

Merchants in Genoa since the 12th century; in the 14th–15th, seven members became doge; lost political influence in 1528. Branches became successful in Spain and Flanders. Anselm Adorno-Adornes was ...
Afonso I Henriques

Afonso I Henriques  

(c.1109–1185)Son of Count Henry of Burgundy and the infanta Teresa, Afonso I Henriques was count of Portugal from 1128 and took the title of king in 1140. Three years ...
Alamanni

Alamanni  

[CP]A confederation of several Germanic tribes who amalgamated in the 3rd century ad. In c.ad 260 they conquered the Roman frontier lands between the Rhine and the Danube, and remained there, despite ...
Alsace

Alsace  

The territory between the Vosges Mountains, Rhine river, and Jura Mountains, known by the 7th century as ‘Alsace’. Roman military settlement in the area included a base at what would ...
Andechs dynasty

Andechs dynasty  

A noble dynasty with properties in western Bavaria (castle Andechs on the Ammersee), Tyrol (control of the Brenner Pass), and around Bamberg. Visible on the scene from the end of ...
Animal Husbandry

Animal Husbandry  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
Concerned not only with ‘domestic animals,’ but also bees and silkworms. Throughout the MA, animals for the most part were allowed to wander free; thus horses, for example, were often ...
apanage

apanage  

[OF, apaner; ML, appanere ‘to provide with sustenance’ [lit. ‘bread’]] The apanage was a grant from French sovereigns to younger princes who had little possibility of advancing to the throne. ...
architecture, Civil

architecture, Civil  

Civil architecture includes public buildings and private dwellings, but excludes military constructions and rural architecture. Important public buildings comprised essentially imperial and royal ...
Arles

Arles  

(city, kingdom) Situated at the mouth of the Rhône delta in southern France, Arles was an important administrative centre in the late Roman Empire. After a period of decline under ...
Armagnacs and Burgundians

Armagnacs and Burgundians  

From 1407 to 1435 the French and Burgundian courts were divided by a quarrel between the dukes of Burgundy (John the Fearless and, from 1419, Philip the Good) and the ...
Arthur Richemont, Comte de

Arthur Richemont, Comte de  

(1393–1458) Constable of France and duke of Brittany.Often a victim of the factional struggles at the court of Charles VII, Richemont helped to broker the reconciliation with Burgundy (1435) and ...
Artoys

Artoys  

Strategically situated to facilitate trade among England, France, and the Low Countries, Artois prospered during much of the MA. By the 5th century Franks ruled the region, and by the ...
Audoin

Audoin  

(c.600–684)St Audoin (Ouen), a native of the Soissonnais, belonged to the powerful aristocratic kinship group that supported the activities of the Columbanian missionaries in Neustria-Burgundy. ...
Austrasia

Austrasia  

Eastern kingdom of the Rhineland (‘Ripuarian’) Franks, in what today is northeastern France, western Germany, Belgium, and Luxembourg. In the early 6th century the Merovingian king Clovis I ...
Autun

Autun  

Founded by Augustus (hence Augustodunum), this fortified centre of Burgundian trade, church history, and rhetoric still has Roman remains. Its outstanding architectural monument is the 12th-century ...
Auxerre

Auxerre  

City on the Yonne river, c.195 km southeast of Paris. It had become a bishopric by the mid 4th century and the seat of an important county by the 9th ...
Baldwin family

Baldwin family  

Counts of Flanders. Baldwin I (r. c.863– 79) held the pagus Flandrensis (the Bruges district) and domains near Ghent from Charles II ‘the Bald’, after Baldwin’s elopement with Charles’s daughter ...
Banquet

Banquet  

The banquet took its name from the bench (banc), which was often one with the table used for meals. It designated a collective feast. The theme of the banquet is ...
Battle of Nicopolis

Battle of Nicopolis  

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Overview Page
(23 September 1396)A battle between Crusaders and Ottoman forces. The town of Nicopolis, on the River Danube was besieged by a force of Crusaders under Sigismund of Hungary and John, son of Philip ...

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