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antefix

antefix  

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[Ar]A Latin word for a terracotta plaque covering the end of an imbrex at eaves level, and usually decorated with an apotropaic subject.
art and architecture: Anglo-Norman

art and architecture: Anglo-Norman  

When the Normans conquered England in 1066, there was an extraordinary and thriving artistic tradition already in place, particularly in regard to manuscript illumination. While the political and ...
ashlar

ashlar  

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1 Class of masonry consisting of blocks of accurately dressed, cut, squared, and finished stone (the Roman opus quadratum), faced and with clean sharp arrises, forming perfect courses, laid in ...
barn

barn  

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History
[MC]Any timber or stone agricultural structure built expressly for the storage and primary processing of field crops, hay, or straw.
brick

brick  

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[Ar]A kind of building material consisting of a block of dried or baked clay, often with some kind of tempering agent such as stone, sand, or straw. There are many different shapes, sizes, and styles ...
centring

centring  

Temporary formwork erected to support the dead load of a stone arch, vault, or dome during construction. While earth was used as formwork, the majority of medieval centring was timber. ...
concrete

concrete  

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Building material composed of cement, aggregate, and water in varying proportions according to use; when mixed together the material hardens to a rock-like consistency.
cruck

cruck  

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History
Blade or inclined curved timber, meeting a similar timber to form an approximately triangular frame on which the subsidiary structure rests. A full or true cruck (c) has two blades serving as the ...
Domus Aurea

Domus Aurea  

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Nero's residence created after the fire of ad 64, and notorious for its novelties and extravagance. Nero was esp. castigated for turning a vast area of the centre of Rome into a regal park, with ...
Gothic design and construction techniques

Gothic design and construction techniques  

For the thousands of monuments testifying to the intensity of Gothic building, there are but few textual records that document the builders. It is known that the great cathedrals were ...
half-timbering

half-timbering  

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1 Obsolete term for a timber-framed building, the gaps between the members of the frame filled with some other material, e.g. brick nogging or plaster on wattles or laths.2 Building with the lower ...
Henry Yevele

Henry Yevele  

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 (d.1400) English mason.Of north Midland origin, Yevele was in London by 1353, working at Kennington Manor in 1357/8 and St Albans Abbey in 1359. He worked at Queenborough Castle ...
Highlands and Islands: general

Highlands and Islands: general  

There are many different ways of seeing the Highlands and Islands: as a distinct geographical area, as a region characterized by marginal land, as part of Scotland with a distinctive ...
housing and building trades

housing and building trades  

Housing and building constituted an important activity throughout the MA, but the ‘golden era’ for the industry occurred in the period ad 1000–1300, due to the great expansion of construction ...
industry

industry  

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Industry in the sense of hard labour most Greeks and Romans knew all too well; total freedom from productive labour (scholē, ōtium) remained a governing ideal from one end of pagan antiquity to the ...
Jean Langlois

Jean Langlois  

Mentioned in 1267 as magister fabricae of the papal collegiate church of St Urbain in Troyes, a highly original and stylistically important monument. Still, it is unclear if Jean was ...
Jiménez de Rada, Rodrigo

Jiménez de Rada, Rodrigo  

(1170–1247)From a Navarrese family, he studied in Bologna and Paris. Winning favour with Alfonso VIII of Castile, he was made in quick succession bishop of Osma (1208), then archbishop ...
marble

marble  

[Ma]A granular limestone or dolomite composed of calcium‐magnesium carbonate that has become recrystallized under the influence of heat, pressure, and aqueous solutions. This dense fine‐textured ...
mason

mason  

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A builder or worker in stone; with capital initial, from the mid 17th century, a Freemason.mason's mark a distinctive device carved on stone by the mason who dressed it.mason word in Scotland, the ...
mineralogy

mineralogy  

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The scientific study of minerals, comprising crystallography, mineral chemistry, economic mineralogy, and determinative mineralogy (concerned mainly with physical properties).

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