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antefix

antefix  

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[Ar]A Latin word for a terracotta plaque covering the end of an imbrex at eaves level, and usually decorated with an apotropaic subject.
art and architecture: Anglo-Norman

art and architecture: Anglo-Norman  

When the Normans conquered England in 1066, there was an extraordinary and thriving artistic tradition already in place, particularly in regard to manuscript illumination. While the political and ...
ashlar

ashlar  

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Overview Page
1 Class of masonry consisting of blocks of accurately dressed, cut, squared, and finished stone (the Roman opus quadratum), faced and with clean sharp arrises, forming perfect courses, laid in ...
barn

barn  

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Overview Page
Subject:
History
[MC]Any timber or stone agricultural structure built expressly for the storage and primary processing of field crops, hay, or straw.
brick

brick  

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[Ar]A kind of building material consisting of a block of dried or baked clay, often with some kind of tempering agent such as stone, sand, or straw. There are many different shapes, sizes, and styles ...
Building Materials and Construction

Building Materials and Construction   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece and Rome

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
2,580 words
Illustration(s):
6

Construction projects represent considerable economic investments, so the study of the materials and technology used provides insight into the priorities

building materials and techniques

building materials and techniques   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Scottish History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
2,601 words

The commonly held concept that traditional Scottish buildings, of all sizes and all ages, were constructed using load‐bearing stone walls

building and construction

building and construction   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
2,626 words
Illustration(s):
1

Architectural fabrication involving major exploitation of material resources and *technology. 1.  General concepts 2.  Labour (artisans) 3.  Materials and

building materials

building materials   Reference library

Richard Allan Tomlinson, John Bryan Ward-Perkins, Hazel Dodge, and Bryan R. Ward-Perkins

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
1,048 words
In its developed stages Greek *architecture was based on the use of finely dressed stone masonry, predominantly limestone. Where available either locally or transported, white ... ... More
Building Materials and Techniques

Building Materials and Techniques   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Archaeology in the Near East

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Archaeology, History
Length:
17,911 words
Illustration(s):
10

[To survey the history, distribution, and role of building materials and techniques throughout the Near East, this entry comprises

centring

centring  

Temporary formwork erected to support the dead load of a stone arch, vault, or dome during construction. While earth was used as formwork, the majority of medieval centring was timber. ...
concrete

concrete  

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Building material composed of cement, aggregate, and water in varying proportions according to use; when mixed together the material hardens to a rock-like consistency.
cruck

cruck  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
Blade or inclined curved timber, meeting a similar timber to form an approximately triangular frame on which the subsidiary structure rests. A full or true cruck (c) has two blades serving as the ...
Domus Aurea

Domus Aurea  

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Nero's residence created after the fire of ad 64, and notorious for its novelties and extravagance. Nero was esp. castigated for turning a vast area of the centre of Rome into a regal park, with ...
Gothic design and construction techniques

Gothic design and construction techniques  

For the thousands of monuments testifying to the intensity of Gothic building, there are but few textual records that document the builders. It is known that the great cathedrals were ...
half-timbering

half-timbering  

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1 Obsolete term for a timber-framed building, the gaps between the members of the frame filled with some other material, e.g. brick nogging or plaster on wattles or laths.2 Building with the lower ...
Henry Yevele

Henry Yevele  

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 (d.1400) English mason.Of north Midland origin, Yevele was in London by 1353, working at Kennington Manor in 1357/8 and St Albans Abbey in 1359. He worked at Queenborough Castle ...
Highlands and Islands: general

Highlands and Islands: general  

There are many different ways of seeing the Highlands and Islands: as a distinct geographical area, as a region characterized by marginal land, as part of Scotland with a distinctive ...
housing and building trades

housing and building trades  

Housing and building constituted an important activity throughout the MA, but the ‘golden era’ for the industry occurred in the period ad 1000–1300, due to the great expansion of construction ...
industry

industry  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Industry in the sense of hard labour most Greeks and Romans knew all too well; total freedom from productive labour (scholē, ōtium) remained a governing ideal from one end of pagan antiquity to the ...

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