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avoidance

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agonistic

agonistic  

Applied to behaviour between two rival individuals of the same species that may involve aggression, threat, appeasement, or avoidance, or that may be ritualized (e.g. as bird song, or as certain ...
appeasement

appeasement  

Behaviour by an animal that serves to reduce aggression shown towards it by another member of the same species, but that does not involve avoidance or escape.
appetitive behaviour

appetitive behaviour  

The active, goal-seeking and exploratory phase of behaviour that precedes the more stereotyped consummatory behaviour that the animal exhibits when it reaches its goal. Upon reaching the goal, ...
avoidance learning

avoidance learning  

The process of learning to avoid situations that appear to be dangerous. Natural stimuli that induce innate avoidance behaviour include those associated with predators. In its natural habitat, an ...
individual distance

individual distance  

The distance from an individual at which the presence of another individual of the same species incites aggression or avoidance.
mimicry

mimicry  

Imitation or mimesis; more specifically the deceptive resemblance of one animal species to another to protect it from predators, common especially among butterflies and other insects. See also ...
operant conditioning

operant conditioning  

Conditioning in which an animal forms an association between a particular behaviour and a result that reinforces the behaviour, its behaviour being operant (or instrumental) in producing the result. ...
reinforcement

reinforcement  

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(in animal behaviour)Increasing (or decreasing) the frequency of a particular behaviour through conditioning, by arranging for some biologically important event (the reinforcer) always to follow ...
social facilitation

social facilitation  

Intensification (i.e. facilitation) of a behaviour (e.g. feeding) that is associated with increased population density.
stress

stress  

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n. any factor that threatens the health of the body or has an adverse effect on its functioning, such as injury, disease, overwork, or worry. The existence of one form of stress tends to diminish ...
suffering

suffering  

An aspect of motivation that is generally considered to be aversive, and may cause stress. Conceptually, suffering has much in common with pain. The problem of assessing pain or suffering in animals ...

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