Update

Overview

ambrotype

Return to overview »

You are looking at 1-18 of 18 entries

View:

African-American photography to c. 1960

African-American photography to c. 1960  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Early African‐American photographers were quite numerous. Jules Lion (1810–66), a black French émigré artist, began making daguerreotype portraits in New Orleans in 1840. Before emigrating to Liberia ...
alternative photographic processes

alternative photographic processes  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The silver gelatin ‘monoculture’ has dominated photographic printing for nearly a century, but with each market‐driven improvement the range of monochrome printing papers has become narrower. In the ...
ambrotype

ambrotype   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Art Terms (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
39 words

An early photographic process, which involved bleaching a glass negative and laying it on a black background, the ambrotype was a cheaper and easier alternative to the ...

ambrotype

ambrotype   Reference library

Hope Kingsley

The Oxford Companion to the Photograph

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
104 words

In 1852 F. Scott Archer modified his wet‐collodion process to produce a positive image on glass by backing the pale

collodion

collodion  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A thin film of cellulose nitrate made by dissolving the cellulose nitrate in ethanol or ethoxyethane, coating the surface, and evaporating the solvent.
daguerreotype

daguerreotype  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Unique positive photograph presenting a fine grey mercury‐silver amalgam image on polished silver. The process derives from J. N. Niépce's early 1830s experiments with iodine fumes to sensitize a ...
dating old photographs

dating old photographs  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Recognition of process or format gives the first indication of a photograph's date. Sometimes the possible time‐span is very broad: cartes de visite, for example, were produced for over 40 ...
glass-plate photography, history and practice

glass-plate photography, history and practice  

Reference type:
Overview Page
In an 1852 review, the editor of an American publication, Humphrey's Journal, wrote of glass‐plate photography, ‘many objections might be made against its universal adoption—the nature of the ...
Goodridge brothers

Goodridge brothers  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(1846–90), African‐American photographersborn in York, Pennsylvania. The success of their entrepreneur parents, Evalina and William, a mulatto descendant of Charles Carroll, enabled Glenalvin to open ...
identification of early photographic processes

identification of early photographic processes  

Reference type:
Overview Page
There are four stages in identifying photographs. A general inspection by reflected light notes the support materials, image colour, and signs of damage or deterioration. In silver prints, the latter ...
itinerant photographers

itinerant photographers  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Today are mainly active in regions like rural India and the Andes where camera ownership is small and studios rare. But in the 19th century, itinerants, mainly portraitists, abounded in Europe and ...
material culture and photography

material culture and photography  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The fact that photographs are not simply images but also things that people use in their everyday lives, collect in museums, or display in galleries is often overlooked. However, the ...
New Zealand

New Zealand  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Photographic history is contiguous with New Zealand's nationhood. In 1835 a confederation of northern Maori tribes announced a Declaration of Independence. In 1840 a bicultural nation was created by ...
photographic processes, black-and-white

photographic processes, black-and-white  

Reference type:
Overview Page
These can be divided into those that produce camera originals, including negatives, and those that produce copies. The overwhelming dominance of silver halide in both areas can lead to unwarranted ...
postcards

postcards  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Were used from about 1870 onwards. Picture-postcards with views of streets and rural scenes became popular towards the end of the 19th century and were used on a very large scale during the first 20 ...
Royal Photographic Society

Royal Photographic Society  

Reference type:
Overview Page
In January 1852, on the initiative of Roger Fenton, a public meeting was held at the Society of Arts, London, in order to form a photographic society. Robert Hunt and ...
seaside photography

seaside photography  

Reference type:
Overview Page
If there is one genre of photography less esteemed by historians of photography than the snapshot, it is the seaside portrait. The beach portrait from Coney Island, Brighton Beach, or ...
tintype

tintype  

Reference type:
Overview Page
An early type of photograph taken as a positive on a thin black lacquered iron plate. The process was patented in 1856 and soon came to be popularly known as tintype. It was cheap and easy to produce ...

View: