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abhinaya

abhinaya  

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*Acting in the classical Indian tradition. The word signifies leading spectators towards theatrical pleasure as delineated in Bharata's Natyasastra, the ancient Sanskrit text on Indian aesthetics and ...
Actors' Studio

Actors' Studio  

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An acting workshop in New York City, founded in 1947 by Elia Kazan and others, and a leading centre of method acting.
Adam Mickiewicz

Adam Mickiewicz  

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(1798–1855),the outstanding poet of Poland, and the founder of the Romantic movement in Polish literature. Born and educated in Vilna, he was exiled in 1829, and lived thereafter mainly ...
agon

agon  

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Greek word meaning ‘contest’, used to define the conflict which lies at the heart of Greek tragedy, transmuted into a clash between two principal characters, sometimes with a hint of ...
Aleksandr Ostrovsky

Aleksandr Ostrovsky  

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(1823–86)Widely acknowledged as Russia's greatest playwright, he was also the most prolific, producing 47 original dramas and 22 translations of foreign plays. Comparatively unknown in the West, his ...
Aleksei Tolstoy

Aleksei Tolstoy  

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(1817–75)Russian writer. Well known for his short stories, poetry, and a novel, he retired from the civil service in 1861 to concentrate on literary work. Several ‘dramatic ballads’ were ...
Alfred Drake

Alfred Drake  

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(1914–92)American actor and singer. Born Alfredo Capurro, he made his professional debut in 1936 in White Horse Inn, followed by Babes in Arms (1937). He acted regularly in small ...
Ali Ben Ayed

Ali Ben Ayed  

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(1930–72)Tunisian actor, director, and manager who was central to the establishment of modern theatre in the country. In 1962 he was named manager of the Tunisian National Theatre, the ...
American Academy of Dramatic Arts

American Academy of Dramatic Arts  

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Founded in 1884 in New York, the Academy was the first acting conservatory in the English-speaking world. Its founding purpose was ‘to provide a broad and practical education to those ...
ancient Greek theatre

ancient Greek theatre  

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1. Origins of theatre in Greece; 2. Late Archaic and Classical Greek theatre (508–317 bc); 3. Hellenistic theatre (317–86 bc); 4. Greek theatre under the Roman Empire (86 bc–ad 692); 5. Greek ...
André Antoine

André Antoine  

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(1858–1943),French actor, director, and theatre manager, one of the outstanding figures in the theatrical reforms of the late 19th century. In 1887 he founded the Théâtre Libre for productions ...
Anna Deavere Smith

Anna Deavere Smith  

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(b. 1950), actress and playwright.The African‐American performer was born in Baltimore and educated at Beaver College and American Conservatory Theatre, where she became a member of the acting ...
Antoine Vitez

Antoine Vitez  

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(b. Paris, 20 Dec. 1930; d. Paris, 30 April 1990)Actor, director and teacher. A student of Russian and Greek, he became a communist, wrote for Bref, the journal of ...
Anton Chekhov

Anton Chekhov  

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(1860–1904), playwright.The great Russian writer of stories and plays did not achieve American recognition until nearly twenty years after his death. The earliest performances of his works in the ...
Antwerp

Antwerp  

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Before the medieval settlement that grew into the city, the site had known Roman and late antique inhabitants. The early castrum/civitas was destroyed by Vikings in 836, and its successor ...
arena and in-the-round

arena and in-the-round  

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An ancient form of staging which acquired a new importance in modernist theatre. The spectators sit in elevated tiers surrounding a central performance space (which may be of any shape ...
Ariane Mnouchkine

Ariane Mnouchkine  

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(b. Boulogne-sur-Seine, France, 1939)Director. After university and student theatre she visited the East before founding in Paris the Théâtre du Soleil (1964) along rigorous cooperative lines. ...
artistic director

artistic director  

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A manager who controls and oversees artistic policy. Though related in function to the German Intendant and to the directors of older European national theatres like the Comédie-Française, the ...
Atahualpa del Cioppo

Atahualpa del Cioppo  

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(1904–93)Uruguayan director. He began his career in Montevideo with the theatre for youth company La Isla de los Niños, where he established himself as a rising artist and began ...
Athene Seyler

Athene Seyler  

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(b. London, 31 May 1889; d. London, 12 Sept. 1990)Actress. Seyler made her name in a number of Restoration roles at the Lyric Hammersmith, including Melanthea in Marriage à ...

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