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1848

1848   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Italian Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
115 words

The most celebrated and widespread of the 19th-c. European revolutions proved also a crucial turning point in the Italian Risorgimento

1968

1968  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Was the year of protest par excellence. As in 1848, social revolt spread through the peninsula while also taking place in other countries, as movements from below challenged centres of ...
Aleardo Aleardi

Aleardo Aleardi  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1812–78).One of the most popular poets of the 19th c., along with his friend Giovanni Prati, whom he met at the University of Padua, where he graduated in law. ...
Alessandro Poerio

Alessandro Poerio  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1802–48).Neapolitan poet and patriot, who spent much of his life in exile (partly in Florence) and died of wounds during the revolution of 1848 in Venice. He translated works ...
Angelo Brofferio

Angelo Brofferio  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1802–66).Writer and patriot, born near Asti, who became a politically active journalist in Turin and was elected in 1848 to the Piedmontese parliament, where he consistently opposed Cavour. He ...
Arnaldo Fusinato

Arnaldo Fusinato  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1817–88).Patriot and poet. Born near Vicenza, he fought in Venice in 1848–9, writing ‘A Venezia’ (1849), which became one of the most popular poems of the Risorgimento. His poems ...
Carlo Cattaneo

Carlo Cattaneo  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1801–69).Milanese philosopher, economist, and lawyer. A disciple of Romagnosi, in 1839 he founded Il Politecnico, the most important cultural journal of the period. As its editor he placed great ...
Carlo Collodi

Carlo Collodi  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1826–90)Pen‐name of Carlo Lorenzini, journalist, political activist, and author of plays, novels, memoirs, and children's books. He is best known for Le avventure di Pinocchio (1883: The Adventures ...
Carlo Pepoli

Carlo Pepoli  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1796–1881).Bolognese aristocrat who was also a scholar and writer. After being active in the 1831 Bologna uprising, he left for France, where he wrote for Mazzini's Giovine Italia and ...
Carlo Pisacane

Carlo Pisacane  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1818–57)originally trained as an engineer in the Bourbon army but became a leader and analyst of the socialist Left in the Risorgimento. More radical than Mazzini, he analysed the ...
Carlo Tenca

Carlo Tenca  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1816–83).Committed Risorgimento journalist and literary critic, active in his native Milan and elsewhere. Initially a Mazzinian, during the 1850s he became increasingly close to Cavour, though he ...
Cesare Balbo

Cesare Balbo  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1789–1853).Turinese liberal historian. He was influenced by Gioberti's Neoguelf theories, and in his most famous work, Delle speranze d'Italia (1844), he proposed that Italy should become a ...
Cesare Cantù

Cesare Cantù  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1804–95).Immensely prolific writer and historian. At 17 he was a literature teacher at the liceo in his native Brivio, near Como. He went on to teach in Como, and ...
Cesare Correnti

Cesare Correnti  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1815–88).Milanese patriotic writer, active in the events of 1848 in Milan and the author of various political pamphlets. In 1846 he published in the Rivista europea a public letter ...
Chartism

Chartism  

A UK parliamentary reform movement of 1837–48, the principles of which were set out in a manifesto called The People's Charter (the name is first used in an address of 1838 by the Chartist William ...
Count Cavour

Count Cavour  

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Subject:
Literature
(1810–61)Italian statesman. He was the driving force behind the unification of Italy under Victor Emmanuel II, king of the kingdom of Sardinia. In 1847 Cavour founded the newspaper Il Risorgimento to ...
Cristina Belgioioso

Cristina Belgioioso  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1808–71).Milanese journalist and writer. She worked to improve the condition of the peasants and was actively involved in the 1848 revolution in Milan, on which she wrote an essay. ...
Ferdinando Petruccelli Della Gattina

Ferdinando Petruccelli Della Gattina  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1815–90).Lucanian writer and politician. Active in the 1848 uprising in Naples, he subsequently fled to London, where he met Mazzini. He was elected a deputy on his return in ...
Francesco Dall'ongaro

Francesco Dall'ongaro  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1808–73).Writer. Born near Treviso, and a sometime priest, he was an adjutant to Garibaldi and deputy in the Roman Republic of 1849 [see 1848], then, after a decade of ...
Francesco De Sanctis

Francesco De Sanctis  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1817–83).Literary critic and one of the truly great Italian intellectuals. Born at Morra Irpina, he began his teaching career at Naples as early as 1835, and took part in ...

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