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Richard Wright

(1908—1960)

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Addison Gayle, Jr.

Addison Gayle, Jr.  

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Overview Page
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Literature
(1932–1991), literary critic, educator, lecturer, essayist, and biographer.One of the chief advocates of the Black Aesthetic, Addison Gayle, Jr., was born in Newport News, Virginia, on 2 June 1932. ...
African American literature

African American literature  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
The body of writing or performed art produced by African slaves and their descendants in America. One of its earliest forms was the slave narrative where the author describes the ...
Ann Allen Shockley

Ann Allen Shockley  

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Overview Page
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Literature
(b. 1927), librarian, newspaper columnist, teacher, lecturer, compiler, essayist, and fiction writer.A multitalented professional, Ann Allen Shockley has contributed to various fields, yet her ...
Ann Petry

Ann Petry  

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Overview Page
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Literature
(1908–97)African American writer, born in Connecticut, who published articles and stories about Harlem in the 1940s. She is best known for her first novel The Street (1946), describing the ...
Anne Moody

Anne Moody  

(1940– ),memoirist of the civil rights movement. Coming of Age in Mississippi (1968) tells of her experiences growing up Southern and black and the confrontation of what Martin Luther King called ...
Barry Beckham

Barry Beckham  

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Overview Page
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Literature
(b. 1944), novelist and publisher.Barry Beckham began his first novel, My Main Mother (1969), while he was a senior at Brown University, completing it while living in New York City. He returned to ...
Bigger Thomas

Bigger Thomas  

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Literature
The chief character of Richard Wright's 1940 best-selling novel Native Son, is unlike any protagonist ever to have appeared in African American literature. Before Bigger Thomas, black heroes and ...
Black Boy

Black Boy  

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Overview Page
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Literature
Autobiography of Richard Wright, published in 1945.This story of the author's life to the age of 19, when he went north, incorporates an evocation of the South, rural and urban, as he moved from ...
Black Thunder

Black Thunder  

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Overview Page
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Literature
Arna Bontemps's novel Black Thunder: Gabriel's Revolt: Virginia 1800 was published in 1936. This conflation of history and imagination is based on an actual slave rebellion reported in contemporary ...
Bontemps, Arna

Bontemps, Arna  

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Literature
(1902–73),Louisiana-born author, educated in California, received an M.A. from the University of Chicago, and was librarian of Fisk University. His novels about his black people include God Sends ...
Carson McCullers

Carson McCullers  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1917–67),was born in Georgia, where most of her works are set, although she was long resident in New York City. She immediately achieved great critical prominence with her first novel, The Heart Is ...
Chester Himes

Chester Himes  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1909–84),Missouri-born novelist about the life of fellow blacks in the U.S., attended Ohio State University but began his literary career while in Ohio State Penitentiary (1929–36) for armed ...
Claude Brown

Claude Brown  

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Literature
(1937–2002), autobiographer, writer, and social commentator.Claude Brown was born in New York City on 23 February 1937 to Henry Lee and Ossie Brock Brown, South Carolinians who had come north in 1935 ...
Diane Oliver

Diane Oliver  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1943–1966), naturalist southern black feminist writer.Diane Alene Oliver lived only twenty-two years, but she left a legacy of short stories to earn her recognition. Born 28 July 1943, Oliver grew ...
Dorothy West

Dorothy West  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1912–1998),American novelist, born in Boston, the daughter of a successful black businessman; she was educated at the city's Girls' Latin School and studied journalism at Columbia University. Her ...
Drum

Drum  

Magazine (1950–85) portrayed an emergent, vibrant, black urban life in South Africa from the early 1950s. The German photographer Jürgen Schadeberg (b. 1931) joined the editorial team in 1951. ...
Ernest J. Gaines

Ernest J. Gaines  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1933–),Louisianaborn author, since age 13 resident in the San Francisco Bay area, has drawn on his background for stories of blacks in his native state. His novels include Catherine Carmier (1964); ...
Federal Writers' Project

Federal Writers' Project  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Operated (1935–39) by the Works Progress Administration as a measure for the relief of unemployed writers, journalists, editors, and research workers. Directed by Henry G. Alsberg, the Project ...
Frank London Brown

Frank London Brown  

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Literature
(1927–1962), novelist, activist, and important figure among Chicago-based urban realists.Born in Kansas City, Frank London Brown moved to Chicago at age twelve. Educated at Roosevelt University and ...
Frank Yerby

Frank Yerby  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1916–91),Georgiaborn African-American author, after receiving an M.A. from Fisk (1938) taught briefly at Southern universities but concentrated on the writing of historical romances after the great ...

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