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acinic cell tumour

acinic cell tumour  

A malignant tumour of the salivary glands in which the cells typically resemble salivary acini. It is now classified by the World Health Organization (WHO) as acinic cell carcinoma. It is most ...
AIDS

AIDS  

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Overview Page
The immunodeficiency (acquired immune deficiency syndrome) caused by infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Opportunistic infections are likely to occur, tuberculosis being an increasing ...
associate member(s), membership

associate member(s), membership  

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A number of international organizations provide in their constitutions for a form of membership by entities which do not meet the conditions of full membership, referred to as associate membership. ...
basic periodontal examination

basic periodontal examination  

(BPE)(periodontal screening and recording (PSR)) A periodontal screening system which identifies patients who require a more detailed periodontal examination. It is carried out using a World Health ...
cementoma

cementoma  

This term is no longer used by the World Health Organization (WHO) but it denotes an accumulation of cementum-like and bony material in the jaws associated with the periodontal ligament. Such lesions ...
changing patterns of disease in the 20th century

changing patterns of disease in the 20th century  

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In Britain and other industrial nations at the end of the 20th century, more people than ever survive to old age, and most lead healthier lives than they did at ...
complementary medicine

complementary medicine  

Various forms of medicine that are considered as complementary to conventional medicine. These include acupuncture, osteopathy, homeopathy, aromatherapy, and reflexology. Some of these forms of ...
economic, social and cultural rights

economic, social and cultural rights  

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A subcategory of human rights concerned with material well-being and social capacity (e.g. rights to work, health and education). Recognised in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights Arts 22–27, ...
environmental health criteria documents

environmental health criteria documents  

A set of official publications produced by the World Health Organization and the International Agency for Research on Cancer, and by national agencies including the US National Institute for ...
erythroplakia

erythroplakia  

A condition defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) as ‘A fiery red patch that cannot be characterized clinically or pathologically as any other definable disease’. It has a high risk of ...
female genital mutilation

female genital mutilation  

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Law
(FGM)Circumcision of the female genitalia that is not medically necessary. The Female Genital Mutilation Act 2003 makes it a criminal offence for anyone to perform as a principal, or to aid and abet, ...
fluoridation

fluoridation  

(floo-er-id-ay-shŏn)the addition of fluoride to drinking water in order to reduce dental caries. Drinking water with a fluoride ion content of one part per million is effective in reducing caries ...
foundations

foundations  

These are organizations from which funds are available to support causes, including medical and scientific research. Some derive funds wholly or partly from government sources, others from gifts ...
global health

global health  

A term that became popular early in the 21st century to describe health problems that transcend national borders and services aimed at preventing or treating these conditions. It seems to have ...
Gro Harlem Brundtland

Gro Harlem Brundtland  

(b. 20 Apr. 1939).Prime Minister of Norway 1981, 1986–9, 1990–6Early careerBorn in Oslo as the daughter of a former government minister, she studied medicine in Oslo and at Harvard and became a ...
handicap

handicap  

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(han-di-kap)partial or total inability to perform a social, occupational, or other activity that the affected person wants to do.
health

health  

n. according to the official definition of the World Health Organization, a state of complete physical, mental, and social wellbeing, not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.
Health and Disease

Health and Disease  

[This entry includes five subentries, an overview and discussions of health and disease in Africa, in Latin America, in South Asia, and in Southeast Asia. See also Body, The; Disability ...
ICD

ICD  

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International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, published by WHO, providing a standard classification of diseases to permit international comparability in health and ...
infectious diseases — history

infectious diseases — history  

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Infectious diseases are probably the oldest recognized disease of man. Evidence of leprosy can be found on corpses from China and mummies from ancient Egypt dating from the 2nd century ...

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