Update
The Oxford Biblical Studies Online and Oxford Islamic Studies Online have retired. Content you previously purchased on Oxford Biblical Studies Online or Oxford Islamic Studies Online has now moved to Oxford Reference, Oxford Handbooks Online, Oxford Scholarship Online, or What Everyone Needs to Know®. For information on how to continue to view articles visit the subscriber services page.
Dismiss

You are looking at 1-20 of 89 entries

View:

Accommodationism

Accommodationism  

As African Americans fought racial prejudice in the United States following the Civil War, some black leaders proposed a strategy of accommodation. The idea of accommodation called for African ...
amusements and recreation

amusements and recreation  

Dickens had a profound interest in popular recreation, and reference to it suffuses his early fiction and his journalism throughout his life. His basic philosophy can be found in the ...
artisan

artisan  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
A skilled craft worker. The term was used particularly in the 19th century. Artisans provided the leadership of working-class political reform groups.
Baltimore, Maryland, Slavery In

Baltimore, Maryland, Slavery In  

Although it was by and large a slave city, Baltimore boasted a large free black population, which included Frederick Douglass's wife, Anna Murray, who worked for a postman on the ...
Black Family

Black Family  

The television adaptation of Alex Haley's Roots (1976), which traced the history of a black family beginning with its African progenitor, Kunta Kinte, aired to wide public acclaim in the ...
Black Seafarers

Black Seafarers  

Throughout the early modern era (1550–1830), blacks participated in the maritime trades and served in navies. By examining crew lists, port authority records, travel narratives, and autobiographies, ...
Catharine Beecher

Catharine Beecher  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1800–1878), educator.Born at East Hampton, Long Island, into the noted Beecher family, she was the daughter of Roxana Foote (1775–1816) and the noted Calvinist minister Lyman Beecher (1775–1863), ...
child Labor

child Labor  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
A combination of the idea of childhood as an age of innocence and nurture and the need for a more numerate and literate workforce has led to legislative restrictions on ...
childhood

childhood  

A variable social construction, the concept of childhood barely existed in early America. In fact, this special period of growth and development experienced before accepting adult responsibilities ...
Confederate States of America

Confederate States of America  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Also called the Confederacy. the eleven southern states (Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, and Virginia) that seceded from ...
Cottagers

Cottagers  

The term cottagers refers to farm workers and their families in a labor system common during the age of gradual emancipation from 1780 to 1830 in Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and ...
Delaware

Delaware  

An Algonquian-speaking tribe of Native Americans whose original homelands lay along the Atlantic coast where they cultivated maize. They traded with the first European arrivals in the 17th century ...
disability

disability  

(dis-ă-bil-iti)a loss or restriction of functional ability or activity as a result of impairment of the body or mind. See also handicap.—disabled(dis-ay-bŭld) adj.
discrimination

discrimination  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
Treating one or more members of a specified group unfairly as compared with other people. Discrimination may be illegal on the ground of sex, sexual orientation, race, religion, disability, or ...
Domesticity

Domesticity  

“Domesticity” refers to a passion for family and home life, a political and social ideology once endorsed with such fervor that for the nineteenth century it has frequently been described ...
Economic Life

Economic Life  

Work has always characterized African American life in the Americas. From the first arrivals in the 1610s blacks came or were brought to the New World to labor. During the ...
emancipation

emancipation  

N.1 the action or process of setting free, especially from legal, social, or political restrictions.2 the action or process of delivering from slavery.
employment

employment  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
1 Service performed for pay or wages under a contract of hire.2 The number of people in an economy who provide services for pay under a contract (this includes both full-time and part-time workers in ...
entrepreneur

entrepreneur  

Reference type:
Overview Page
An individual who undertakes (from the French entreprendre to undertake) to supply a good or service to the market for profit. The entrepreneur will usually invest capital in the business and take on ...
Equal Employment Opportunity Commission

Equal Employment Opportunity Commission  

(EEOC)A US federal commission set up by the Civil Rights Act of 1964. The EEOC deals with discrimination in wages, hiring, firing, training, and promotion, on the basis of age, race, sex, religion, ...

View: