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Raymond Williams

(1921—1988) literary scholar and novelist

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book history

book history  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
A rather imprecise label used to identify an interdisciplinary field of historical study, whose origins can conveniently be traced to the publication in France of Lucien Febvre and Henri Jean ...
Critical Quarterly

Critical Quarterly  

A literary review founded in 1959 and edited by C. B. Cox and A. E. Dyson. It publishes essays, reviews, and poetry, and contributors have included A. Wilson, P. Larkin, D. Davie, D. J. Enright, W. ...
cultural materialism

cultural materialism  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
[Th]The theory of cultural causation in which technology, economics, and environment are considered the independent variables.
cultural studies

cultural studies  

The critical analysis of the texts and practices of everyday life in contemporary society: an interdisciplinary enterprise involving both the humanities and the social sciences. Its territory (in the ...
E. P. Thompson

E. P. Thompson  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1924–93)Historian, born in Oxford and educated at Corpus Christi College, Cambridge; for many years (1948–65) an extramural lecturer at Leeds University. His works include an influential study of ...
ecocriticism

ecocriticism  

A new subfield of literary and cultural enquiry that emerged in the 1980s and 1990s, devoted to the investigation of relations between literature and the natural world and to the rediscovery and ...
Eric Hobsbawm

Eric Hobsbawm  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1917–)BritishMarxist historian. Born in Alexandria, Egypt, Hobsbawm went to school in Vienna and Berlin before moving to London in 1933. He gained his BA and PhD from King's College, Cambridge, ...
Essays in Criticism

Essays in Criticism  

Three series of essays by M. Arnold (1865, 1888, 1910).
flow

flow  

Welsh cultural critic Raymond Williams's concept of how television operates. In a short book entitled Television: Technology and Cultural Form (1974), Williams observes that television cannot be ...
Henry Louis Gates, Jr.

Henry Louis Gates, Jr.  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1950–)Americanliterary critic and historian specializing in African-American studies. Born in Virginia, Gates completed his undergraduate degree at Yale, during which time he spent a year ...
Literary Theory

Literary Theory  

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Overview Page
Subject:
History
Theoretical approaches to literature are as old as Aristotle; they include in France the poetics of classicism and the lessons of rhetoric. The term ‘literary theory’, however, came into favour ...
Marxist criticism

Marxist criticism  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
A form of cultural criticism that applies Marxist theory to the interpretation of cultural texts. Since neither Karl Marx nor his collaborator Friedrich Engels ever developed a specific form of ...
Matthew Arnold

Matthew Arnold  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1822–88),English poet, critic, and educator, visited the U.S. in 1883 and again in 1886, at which times he delivered the lectures collected in Discourses in America (1885) and gathered the ...
May 1968

May 1968  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
A series of street protests that began in a number of universities in Paris but rapidly spread to incorporate a wide cross section of French society. Some historians estimate that as many as 10 ...
new Historicism

new Historicism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
A term applied to a trend in American academic literary studies in the 1980s that emphasized the historical nature of literary texts and at the same time (in contradistinction from ‘old’ ...
New Writing

New Writing  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
A book‐periodical edited by J. Lehmann, first published in 1936 and at approximately half‐yearly intervals until 1940. It published imaginative writing, mainly by young authors (including Spender, ...
Richard Hoggart

Richard Hoggart  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1918– ),scholar and writer, brought up in Leeds and educated at Leeds University. He has held many academic and public appointments. His interest in literature, education, and communication was ...
space

space  

The classical questions include: is space real, or is it some kind of mental construct, or artefact of our ways of perceiving and thinking? Is it ‘substantival’ or purely ‘relational’? According to ...
Stand

Stand  

A literary quarterly founded in 1952 by J. Silkin. It publishes poetry, fiction, and criticism and contributors have included G. Hill, G. MacBeth, Lorna Tracy, D. Abse, and many others; it has also ...
Stephen Greenblatt

Stephen Greenblatt  

(1943–)Americanliterary critic, specialist in Shakespeare and Renaissance studies, and one of the founders of New Historicism. Born in Boston and educated at Yale and Cambridge, where he worked with ...

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