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Western Sahara

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Ainin Ma al

Ainin Ma al  

1830?–1910 Sahrawi religious scholar and anticolonial leader in northwest Africa; born Muhammed Sidi al-Mustapha, also known as Ma al-Aynayn.A skilled military leader and devout Muslim, Sheikh Ma ...
Algeria

Algeria  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Algeria is now much more peaceful, but its democracy is fragile and still vulnerable to occasional terrorismAlgeria has a narrow coastal plain which is regularly broken by parts of the Atlas range of ...
Bedouin

Bedouin  

A nomadic Arab of the desert; the word comes (via Old French) from Arabic badawīn ‘dwellers in the desert’, from badw ‘desert’.
Houari Boumédienne

Houari Boumédienne  

(1925–78)Algerian statesman. In the early 1950s he joined a group of expatriate Algerian nationalists in Cairo that included Ben Bella and in 1955 he joined resistance forces in Algeria operating ...
Jean de Lattre de Tassigny

Jean de Lattre de Tassigny  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(b. 2 Feb. 1889, d. 11 Jan. 1952).French general A commander for the Vichy government in Tunisia, he was arrested in 1942 for pro-Allies sympathies. He escaped in 1943 and became commander of the 1st ...
Mauritania

Mauritania  

A coastal country in north-west Africa, bounded by Morocco and Algeria on the north and by Mali and Senegal on the east and south.Physical.Most of Mauritania lies in the Sahara. Except in the ...
Moktar Ould Daddah

Moktar Ould Daddah  

1924–2003 First president of Mauritania (1961–1978).Born in Boutilimit in western Mauritania into a prominent Berber family of marabouts (Islamic religious scholars), Moktar Ould Daddah attended an ...
Morocco

Morocco  

Morocco now has a more liberal monarch but continues its illegal occupation of Western SaharaMorocco is the most mountainous country of North Africa. The two main chains are the Er Rif, along the ...
Organization of African Unity

Organization of African Unity  

(OAU)An association of independent African states constituted in 1963, and designed to encourage African unity, to discourage neo-colonialism, and to promote development.http://www.africa-union.org/ ...
Sahara

Sahara  

A vast desert in North Africa, extending from the Atlantic in the west to the Red Sea in the east, and from the Mediterranean and the Atlas Mountains in the north to the Sahel in the south, the ...
Sahrawi

Sahrawi  

Ethnic group in Western Sahara, Morocco, and Algeria.Berber peoples initially settled in Western Sahara by the first millennium b.c.e. By the sixth century b.c.e. the Berbers separated into several ...
Taya, Maaouya Ould Sidi Ahmed

Taya, Maaouya Ould Sidi Ahmed  

1943–President of Mauritania from 1984 to 2005.Born in Atar, in western Mauritania, Maaouya Ould Sidi Ahmed Taya received advanced military training after joining the Mauritanian army. He served as ...
United Nations in Africa

United Nations in Africa  

United Nations (UN) agencies and programs, which have been involved in decolonization, peacekeeping, famine relief, human rights, and economic development in Africa.Africa has been the site of some ...
Warfare in Africa since Independence

Warfare in Africa since Independence  

Open conflict between parties, nations, or states in Africa since European decolonization.Since most of Africa gained independence in the 1960s, numerous conflicts have erupted into open warfare. ...
Western Sahara

Western Sahara   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Politics of the World (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
980 words

is a former Spanish colony (1884–1976) claimed by Morocco. The native Arab-Berber-speaking population has reached nearly 300,000.

Western Sahara

Western Sahara   Reference library

Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
335 words

Situated on the Atlantic coast between Morocco and Mauritania, Western Sahara—with an area of 102,703 square miles (266,001 square kilometers)

Western Sahara

Western Sahara   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Africa

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010

Western Sahara is a former Spanish colony. Today it is the site of a conflict between the Polisario Front (a

Western Sahara

Western Sahara   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
268 words

Desert territory on the Atlantic coast of nw Africa, bordering n with Morocco, ne with Algeria, and e and s

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