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Abdullah ibn Hussein

Abdullah ibn Hussein  

(b. 1880, d. 20 July 1951).Emir of Transjordan 1921–48, King of Transjordan/Jordan 1948–51 Son of Hussein ibn Ali, Sherif of Mecca, with his brother Faisal he led the Arab Revolt of 1916. In 1921 he ...
al- Fatah

al- Fatah  

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Overview Page
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History
A militant Palestinian organization. It was founded (1962) in Kuwait to fight for the restoration of Palestine to the Arabs. Al-Fatah assumed the leadership of the Palestine Liberation Organization ...
al-Ḥājj Amīn al- Ḥusaynī

al-Ḥājj Amīn al- Ḥusaynī  

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Overview Page
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Religion
Al-ḥājj Amīn al-Ḥusaynī (1895–1974)was a muftī of Jerusalem and a nationalist leader during the period of British rule over Palestine (1917–1948). Al-Ḥājj Amīn al-Ḥusaynī came from an aristocratic ...
Arab Legion

Arab Legion  

Originally founded in 1921 as a police force for the British League of Nations Mandate of Transjordan, it contained a force of 1,000 volunteers under the command of Colonel Frederick Peake. In the ...
Arab-Israeli Conflict

Arab-Israeli Conflict  

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Overview Page
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Religion
Ongoing conflict between Arabs and Israel over Palestinian territory. The origins of the conflict lie in the Balfour Declaration (1917), which promised “a national home for the Jewish people,” and in ...
Ariel Sharon

Ariel Sharon  

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Overview Page
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History
(1928– )Israeli soldier and statesman; Prime Minister (2001–06). He served in the Israeli army from the foundation of the state until 1973, playing a central role in the Yom Kippur War. First elected ...
Binyamin Netanyahu

Binyamin Netanyahu  

(1949– )Israeli diplomat and politician, prime minister of Israel (1996–99).Born in Tel Aviv, Netanyahu was largely brought up and educated in the USA, acquiring a command of English and a deep ...
B'Tselem

B'Tselem  

B' Tselem: The Israeli Information Centre for Human Rights in the Occupied Territories champions human rights and humanitarian law as the foundation for transforming the conflict between Israel and ...
Camp David Accords

Camp David Accords  

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Overview Page
(1978)A Middle East peace agreement. It was named after the official country house of the US President in Maryland, where President Carter met President Sadat of Egypt and Prime Minister Begin of ...
Gaza Strip

Gaza Strip  

A strip of territory in Palestine, on the SE Mediterranean coast, including the town of Gaza. Administered by Egypt from 1949, and occupied by Israel from 1967, it became a self-governing enclave ...
Gaza-Jericho Agreement

Gaza-Jericho Agreement  

(13 Sept. 1993)A follow-up treaty to the Oslo Accords, in which the details of Palestinian autonomy were concluded. It provided for the establishment of Palestinian autonomy in the Gaza Strip and the ...
Hebron

Hebron  

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Overview Page
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Religion
Some 23 miles SSW of Jerusalem, is one of the oldest cities in the world. It was chosen by Abraham as his nomadic home when he arrived in Palestine (Gen. 13: 18) and is the scene of various events ...
Hussein I

Hussein I  

(b. 14 Nov. 1935, d. 7 Feb. 1999).King of Jordan 1952–1999 Grandson of Abdullah ibn Hussein, he was educated at the Victoria College (Alexandria), Harrow, and the Royal Military College, Sandhurst. ...
intifada

intifada  

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Overview Page
The Palestinian uprising against Israeli occupation of the West Bank and Gaza Strip, beginning in 1987. The word comes from Arabic intifāḍa ‘an uprising’ (literally ‘a jumping up as a reaction to ...
Israel

Israel  

After half a century of war and hostility, peace with the Palestinians seems as remote as everIsrael can be considered to have four main geographical regions. To the north is a hilly region that ...
Israeli-Palestinian Accord

Israeli-Palestinian Accord  

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Overview Page
Agreement that aimed to end hostilities between Palestinians and Israelis, especially in the West Bank and Gaza Strip. Secret talks began in the mid-1980s. On September 13, 1993, a ‘Declaration ...
Jericho

Jericho  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
A town in Palestine, in the West Bank north of the Dead Sea, which has been occupied from at least 9000 bc. According to the Bible, Jericho was a Canaanite city destroyed by the Israelites after they ...
Jerusalem

Jerusalem  

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Overview Page
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Religion
1 See cross.2 The Ideal or Holy City, a symbol of Paradise as the goal of a pilgrim (or indeed of any Christian), and therefore represented by the centre of a medieval labyrinth or maze cut in turf ...
Jordan

Jordan  

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Overview Page
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History
Jordan's King Abdullah has started to establish a more stable democracyJordan has three main zones. First, there is the Jordan Valley region, which lies to the east of the Jordan river and finishes ...
Labour Party, Israel

Labour Party, Israel  

Israel's major progressive party on the left, created in 1968 from the merger of the Mapai Party with two smaller socialist parties. It combined Zionism with socialism, through the encouragement of ...

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