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Aged policy

Aged policy  

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Overview Page
The growth of the modern aged policy system has been a post‐World War II development in Australia, with a major period of sustained reform under the Hawke and Keating governments ...
Australian Labor Party

Australian Labor Party  

(ALP)is the oldest political party in Australia. Its origins lie in the formation of electoral organisations by trade unionists and socialists from the late 1880s. The defeat of the ...
Beveridge Report

Beveridge Report  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A report on social security, prepared by Sir William Beveridge during the Second World War, and published in 1944 as Full Employment in a Free Society. This was widely regarded as the basis for the ...
Budget process

Budget process  

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Overview Page
Budgets are the fulcrum of modern government and budget-making processes provide the core structure of most modern states. As was famously said by Wildavsky (1974) budgets are about the ‘translation ...
capitalism

capitalism  

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Overview Page
An economic system in which the factors of production are privately owned and individual owners of capital are free to make use of it as they see fit; in particular, for their own profit. In this ...
Carl Bildt

Carl Bildt  

(b. 15 July 1949).Prime Minister of Sweden 1991–4 Born in Halmstad, Bildt was born into a family of Danish aristocratic origin and of good political connections since the days of Gillis Bildt (Prime ...
Charity and Charitable Organizations

Charity and Charitable Organizations  

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Overview Page
The years since the 1980s have seen a substantial rise in the amount of attention paid to the role played by charity and philanthropy in the history of welfare provision. ...
civil service

civil service  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
Government posts were filled by patronage until well into the reign of Victoria. The Northcote–Trevelyan Report (1854) recommended changes, including entry to a civil service by competitive ...
collectivism

collectivism  

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Overview Page
An economic system in which much of the planning is carried out by a central government and the means of production is owned by the state. This system was formerly common in eastern Europe and the ...
Co-operative Commonwealth Federation

Co-operative Commonwealth Federation  

(CCF)A political party backed by farming interests, intellectuals concerned with social welfare, and some representatives of industrial labour, founded in Calgary in 1932 as a response to the Great ...
corporate welfarism

corporate welfarism  

Management strategies designed to win and maintain workers' loyalty to particular employers. Many bosses were not concerned about this. Instead they accommodated themselves to high levels of labour ...
David Lloyd George

David Lloyd George  

(1863–1945) British statesman and prime minister (1916–22), and one of the three main negotiators at the Treaty of Versailles (1919). Lloyd George played a moderating role between the draconian ...
Denmark

Denmark  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
A bridge from continental Europe to Scandinavia that is sceptical about the EUDenmark is one of Europe's more physically fragmented countries. The largest part, with around 70% of the territory of ...
economic rationalism

economic rationalism  

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Overview Page
A set of ideas founded in free market economics, promulgating a suite of policies directed at resetting the respective functions of markets and government. The policies include corporatisation and ...
end-of-ideology thesis

end-of-ideology thesis  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Although not originated by the American sociologist Daniel Bell, this very controversial thesis is commonly identified with him, thanks to the publication in 1960 of a book of his essays entitled The ...
enterprise society

enterprise society  

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Overview Page
A label commonly applied to those countries in which the state makes a conscious attempt to promote the qualities of self-reliance, innovation, and individual achievement. During the 1980s, for ...
Fabianism

Fabianism  

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Overview Page
The Fabian Society, which was established in London in 1884, took its name from Fabius Cunctator, the Roman General who applied carefully conceived tactics of preparation, attrition, and judicious ...
federal–provincial relations

federal–provincial relations  

Although the British North America Act (now the Constitution Act, 1867) did not provide for federal–provincial conferences, negotiations between the two levels of government have been a feature of ...
Feminization of Poverty

Feminization of Poverty  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The term “feminization of poverty” came into use in the late 1970s as an expression encapsulating the phenomenon of women's increasing presence among the ranks of the poor. U.S. sociologist ...
Finland

Finland  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
In a short time, thanks to Nokia, Finland has become a leader in telecommunicationsMost of Finland is fairly low-lying and the country as a whole is heavily forested. One of its most striking ...

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