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Archibald Percival Wavell

(1883—1950) army officer and viceroy of India

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ABDA Command

ABDA Command  

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Covering Burma, Malaya, the Netherlands East Indies and the Philippines (with the north-western part of Australia included from 24 January), was established on 15 January 1942 to reconcile the ...
ARCADIA

ARCADIA  

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Codename for the first Washington conference (22 December 1941 to 14 January 1942) at which Churchill, Roosevelt, and their military advisers hammered out future strategy and the mechanisms to be ...
Balkan campaign

Balkan campaign  

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Fought firstly by Greek troops and RAF units against Italian forces which invaded Greece in October 1940; then by Greek, British, and Commonwealth forces which resisted the German invasion of ...
battle for the Mediterranean

battle for the Mediterranean  

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War spread to the Mediterranean basin on 10 June 1940 when Italy declared war on the UK and France (see Maps 2 and 68). Mussolini, who nursed a jealousy of ...
Burma campaigns

Burma campaigns  

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(January 1942–August 1945)In 1942 two Japanese divisions advanced into Burma (now Myanmar), accompanied by the Burma National Army of Aung San, capturing Rangoon, and forcing the British garrison to ...
China-Burma-India Theater

China-Burma-India Theater  

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Also CBI theater the least influential and least promiment area that saw major military action in World War II. Although the United States had an objective of building up China ...
Chindits

Chindits  

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A member of the Allied forces behind the Japanese lines in Burma (now Myanmar) in 1943–5. The name comes from Burmese chinthé, a mythical creature.
Claude Auchinleck

Claude Auchinleck  

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(1884–1981).British field marshal. Auchinleck succeeded Wavell as commander‐in‐chief, Middle East, in July 1941. On 17 November the 8th Army, under Alan Cunningham, attacked westward into Cyrenaica. ...
deception

deception  

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N.those measures designed to mislead the enemy by manipulation, distortion, or falsification of evidence.
Earl of Avon Anthony Eden

Earl of Avon Anthony Eden  

(1897–1977)British statesman and Conservative prime minister, whose brief premiership (1955–57) ended with his resignation following the Suez crisis. He received an earldom in 1961.Decorated with the ...
East African campaign

East African campaign  

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(see Map 27). Soon after Italy entered the war on 10 June 1940, Italian forces, which had been occupying Abyssinia since 1936, captured the outposts of Karora, Gallabat, Kurmak, and ...
Erwin Rommel

Erwin Rommel  

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(1891–1944)German Field Marshal. Rommel was posted to North Africa in 1941 after the collapse of the Italian offensive, and, as commander of the Afrika Korps, he deployed a series of surprise ...
Gaulle, Brig-General Charles de and the Free French

Gaulle, Brig-General Charles de and the Free French  

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During the night of 16/17 June 1940 the French government just formed by Marshal Pétain asked Germany for an armistice. On 18 June de Gaulle (1890–1970), broadcasting from London, declared ...
Jaywick/Rimau

Jaywick/Rimau  

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Raids against shipping in Japanese-occupied Singapore were carried out by members of Special Operations Australia in 1943 and 1944. The two operations were devised and led by a British officer ...
Libyan Campaign, First

Libyan Campaign, First  

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(December 1940–February 1941),was the first major ground campaign involving Australian troops in the Second World War. The Australian 6th Division, which with the British 7th Armoured Division ...
Lt-General Philippe Leclerc

Lt-General Philippe Leclerc  

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(1902–47),pseudonym of a French Army officer, Captain Viscount Philippe de Hauteclocque, who joined de Gaulle and the Free French in the UK after the fall of France in June ...
Malayan Campaign

Malayan Campaign  

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(December 1941–August 1945)A military campaign in south-east Asia in World War II. After taking over military bases in Vietnam in July 1941 through an agreement with the Vichy administration, and ...
Middle East Command

Middle East Command  

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British Army HQ activated in Cairo in August 1939 with General Wavell as C-in-C. Egypt, the Sudan, and Palestine-Jordan, which had all been separate army commands, now came, with Cyprus ...
mortars

mortars  

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N.1 a short smoothbore gun for firing shells (technically called bombs) at high angles.2 a similar device used for firing a lifeline or firework.v.attack or bombard with shells fired from a ...
Netherlands East Indies

Netherlands East Indies  

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(NEI),colony in South-East Asia covering a huge area some 3,660 km. (2,275 mi.) wide by 1,825 km. (1,135 mi.) long, including Java, Sumatra, Dutch Borneo, Dutch New Guinea, Celebes, western Timor, ...

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