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George Washington

(1732—1799) revolutionary army officer and president of the United States of America

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Aaron Burr

Aaron Burr  

(1756–1836)US Democratic Republican statesman. After losing the presidential election to Jefferson in 1800, Burr was elected Vice-President. He was defeated in the contest for the governorship of New ...
African-American troops

African-American troops  

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Variously called negro, coloured, and black, the history of African-American soldiers is that of US race relations in general. Even after the abolition of formal discrimination by colour, advancement ...
Agrippa Hull

Agrippa Hull  

(1759–1848) African-American Revolutionary War soldier, born in Northhampton, Massachusetts. Hull served as personal orderly to Gen. John Paterson and later to Gen. Tadeusz Kosciuszko. As such he ...
Alexander Hamilton

Alexander Hamilton  

(c. 1757–1804)US Federalist politician. He served under George Washington as First Secretary of the Treasury (1789–95) and established the US central banking system. Hamilton was a prime mover behind ...
American Revolution

American Revolution  

When Great Britain virtually eliminated the French from North America with the Treaty of Paris, which ended the Seven Years' War, it was expected that one of the major benefits ...
American War of Independence

American War of Independence  

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History
(1776–83)The American revolution against British rule. It was triggered by colonial resentment at the commercial policies of Britain and by the lack of American participation in political decisions ...
amnesty, Presidential

amnesty, Presidential  

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The Constitution (Article 2, Section 2) gives the President the power “to grant reprieves and pardons for offences against the United States except in cases of impeachment.” This power is exercised ...
Andrew Jackson

Andrew Jackson  

(1767–1845)US general and Democratic statesman, 7th President of the USA (1829–37). After waging several campaigns against American Indians, he defeated a British army at New Orleans (1815) and ...
Andrew Porter

Andrew Porter  

(1743–1813) Revolutionary War army officer, born in Pennsylvania. Porter's affinity for books and intellectual interests led him to Philadelphia, where he became a teacher. In June 1776 he accepted a ...
Anthony Wayne

Anthony Wayne  

(1745–96)American Revolutionary general, who led a Pennsylvanian regiment in the abortive invasion of Canada (1776). He displayed conspicuous initiative in such actions as Brandywine, Germantown, and ...
Appointment and Removal Power

Appointment and Removal Power  

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Law
The Constitution of the United States contains two references to the appointment and removal power. Article II, section 2 provides that the president, “by and with the advice and consent ...
Arms, Right to Bear

Arms, Right to Bear  

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Three questions are raised by the somewhat mysterious words of the Second Amendment of the U.S. Constitution: “A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State ...
Army Combat Branches: Cavalry

Army Combat Branches: Cavalry  

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Starting with the colonial militias, the cavalry has always had an elite status in the American military. Despite its prestige, however, this branch has played a secondary role to the ...
Army Combat Branches: Infantry

Army Combat Branches: Infantry  

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The infantry is the oldest and most important of the U.S. Army's combat arms. Its insignia consists of crossed muskets, Model 1795; its motto is “Follow Me.” Its primary mission is to close with and ...
Army Corps of Engineers

Army Corps of Engineers  

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USACE an organization of the U.S. Army, headquartered in Washington, D.C., with approximately 34,600 civilian and 650 military men and women, responsible for providing responsive engineering ...
Army Rangers

Army Rangers  

Small groups of soldiers trained to make surprise raids behind enemy lines. Although units called “Rangers” were operating in the U.S. West as early as 1670, and the Rangers commanded ...
Awards and Decorations

Awards and Decorations  

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Australia participated in the imperial honours system until the institution of the Australian honours system in 1975. Both systems include orders, decorations and medals for gallantry in war and ...
Bank of the United States

Bank of the United States  

Between 1791 and 1811 and again from 1816 to 1836, the U.S. government created and operated a national bank that by most historical assessments met the nation's financial needs effectively. But the ...
battle of Brandywine

battle of Brandywine  

(11 September 1777)An engagement in the American War of Independence when British forces were attacking Philadelphia. Washington was outmanoeuvred by Sir William Howe and was forced to retreat with ...
Battle of Germantown

Battle of Germantown  

(4 October 1777)When the British occupied Philadelphia during the American War of Independence the greater part of their army camped at Germantown, north of Philadelphia. After the defeat at ...

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