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Alice Walker

(b. 1944) American writer and critic

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Adrienne Rich

Adrienne Rich  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1929–2012),American poet, essayist, and critic, born in Baltimore, graduated from Radcliffe College, and has since held a variety of academic posts. Her characteristic fractured free verse, ...
African American literature

African American literature  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
The body of writing or performed art produced by African slaves and their descendants in America. One of its earliest forms was the slave narrative where the author describes the ...
African-American Oral Tradition

African-American Oral Tradition  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
I thought about the tales I had heard as a child. How even The Bible was made over to suit our vivid imagination—Zora Neale HurstonThe African-American oral tradition is ...
Aging

Aging  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
The subject of aging has often been a central feature of women's literature since the late nineteenth century. The theme can best be understood if divided into two categories: stories ...
Andrea Lee

Andrea Lee  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(b. 1953), fiction writer and journalist.Andrea Lee was born in Philadelphia in 1953 and graduated from Harvard University. Her first book, Russian Journal (1981), is based upon her experiences in ...
Anne Spencer

Anne Spencer  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1882–1975), poet, librarian, community activist,and muse and confidante to Harlem Renaissance intellectuals and literati. Anne Spencer was born inauspiciously on a Virginia plantation. Yet the ...
assimilation

assimilation  

[Ge]The absorption of a minority group into a majority population, during which the group takes on the values and norms of the dominant culture.
Bethune Museum and Archives

Bethune Museum and Archives  

On 11 November 1979, historians, women leaders, journalists, and numerous public figures crowded into a Victorian townhouse in downtown Washington, DC, to celebrate the founding of the Mary McLeod ...
Black Aesthetic

Black Aesthetic  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
The foundations of the black aesthetic can be traced back to the nineteenth century and to a tradition of earlier writings, social and cultural movements, and literary manifestos extending into ...
Black Arts Movement

Black Arts Movement  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Founded in Harlem in the mid‐1960s by Amiri Baraka and promoted by Larry Neal (1937–81), the movement supported cultural separatism and the Black Power movement, and sought to devise a ...
Body and Health

Body and Health  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Feminists have long seen the female body as a contested site of institutional and personal power, and much nineteenth- and twentieth-century feminism has focused on the necessity for women to ...
Brownfield Copeland

Brownfield Copeland  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
The brownish autumn color of a dying Georgia cotton field was the inspiration for Brownfield Copeland's naming. This character, presented in Alice Walker's novel The Third Life of Grange Copeland ...
Cane

Cane  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Work by Jean Toomer, published in 1923, is a major product of the Harlem Renaissance. A brief book incorporating stories, poetry, and a play, the first third presents black people, mainly women, in ...
Carolivia Herron

Carolivia Herron  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(b. 1947), educator, novelist, and short fiction writer.Carolivia Herron was born in Washington, D.C. She earned her BA in English literature from Eastern Baptist College, an MA in English from ...
Celie

Celie  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Is the protagonist of Alice Walker's novel The Color Purple (1982). Her story is a testimony against death and dying—not the death of the corporal being, but one more intensely painful than that. ...
Charles R. Johnson

Charles R. Johnson  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1948– )African American novelist, born in Evanston, Illinois, who was active as a cartoonist in the 1960s before publishing his first novel, Faith and the Good Thing, in 1974. In ...
Color Purple

Color Purple  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
The Color Purple (1982) is Alice Walker's most magnificent and controversial literary achievement. The novel outraged African American male critics as well as a few female critics who argued that ...
Coming Out

Coming Out  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Traditionally, to “come out” meant to make one's debut socially. The term conjured up images of white, upper-middle-class and upper-class young women, clad in rustling, full-length gowns, descending ...
Conjure Woman

Conjure Woman  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
A term used to refer to a woman in African-American communities believed to have extranatural powers. She can use these powers for good or for evil, as long as the ...
Disabled Women's Writing

Disabled Women's Writing  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
In 1853, a woman who signed herself only as “Emma” wrote a series of letters to the Una, a small suffragist magazine. Emma described herself as “a cripple.” In the ...

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