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Richard Wagner

(1813—1883) German composer

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Adolphe Appia

Adolphe Appia  

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Overview Page
(1862–1928),French-speaking Swiss artist whose theories on stage design, and particularly on stage lighting, had an immense influence on 20th-century methods of play production. He rejected the flat ...
Albert Lortzing

Albert Lortzing  

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Overview Page
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Music
(b Berlin, 1801; d Berlin, 1851).Ger. composer, actor, tenor, and librettist. Played pf., vn., and vc., and comp. from early youth. Married actress in 1823 and worked as actor. First opera Ali Pascha ...
Alexandre Benois

Alexandre Benois  

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(b St Petersburg, 4 May 1870; d Paris, 9 Feb. 1960)Russian painter and designer. One of the key figures of Diaghilev's Ballets Russes. Like Diaghilev he studied law at the University of St Petersburg ...
anti-Semitism

anti-Semitism  

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Literature
Hostility towards and discrimination against Jewish people (although there are other Semitic peoples, notably the Arabs, anti‐Semitism is only used to refer to prejudice against Jewish people). In ...
Arnold Schoenberg

Arnold Schoenberg  

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Overview Page
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Music
(b Vienna, 1874; d Los Angeles, 1951).Austrian‐born composer, conductor, and teacher (Amer. cit. 1941). One of most influential figures in history of mus. Learned vn. and vc. as boy. Mainly ...
Arthur Hopkins

Arthur Hopkins  

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(1878–1950)American director and producer. Influenced by the writings of Wagner and Craig and productions of Reinhardt, Hopkins was instrumental in introducing the ‘New Theatre’ and—in his ...
Arthur Schopenhauer

Arthur Schopenhauer  

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Philosophy
(1788–1860),was the author of a pessimistic philosophy embodied in his Die Welt als Wille und Vorstellung (The World as Will and Idea, 1819), which considerably influenced Wagner and the later ...
Artus, König

Artus, König  

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Overview Page
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Literature
The legendary King Arthur of the Round Table. The historical Arthur was a British military leader in war in the 5th c. or 6th c. His name later became a ...
ballet and fairy tales

ballet and fairy tales  

The traditional association of classical ballet with the fairy tale is based not merely on the fame of such ballets as Swan Lake, Cinderella, and The Sleeping Beauty, but on ...
Bayern

Bayern  

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Literature
With Saxony (see Sachsen) the only Freistaat of the Federal Republik (see Bundesrepublik Deutschland) and the largest state in area, is predominantly Catholic. Bavaria was one of the early German ...
Bayreuth

Bayreuth  

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A town in northern Bavaria, home of the Festspielhaus designed by Wagner and site of the annual festival, established in 1876, devoted to his operas. See festivals, 4; opera houses.[...]
Bernard Haitink

Bernard Haitink  

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Subject:
Music
(b Amsterdam, 1929).Dutch conductor. Violinist in Netherlands Radio PO, becoming prin. cond. 1956. Guest cond. Concertgebouw Orch. 1958–60, becoming joint prin. cond. (with Jochum) 1961, prin. cond. ...
Carlo Gozzi

Carlo Gozzi  

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Overview Page
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Literature
(1720–1806),Italian dramatist, who tried to reform the moribund commedia dell'arte in the mid-18th century by using its characters and methods, but not its subject-matter, for a new type of ...
cor anglais

cor anglais  

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Music
(Fr.).English horn. Neither Eng., nor a hn., but an alto ob. pitched a 5th below oboe. Name possibly a corruption of cor anglé. A transposing instr., being written a 5th higher than it sounds. ...
Das Kunstwerk der Zukunft

Das Kunstwerk der Zukunft  

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Overview Page
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Literature
A long essay by R. Wagner, published in 1850. It suggests that the art of the future will be found in the theatre in the collaboration of all branches of ...
Das moderne Drama

Das moderne Drama  

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Overview Page
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Literature
A treatise by H. Hettner, published in 1852. It is divided into three sections: (1) Die historische Tragödie; (2) Das bürgerliche Drama; (3) Die Komödie. The first attacks those dramatists ...
Der fliegende Holländer

Der fliegende Holländer  

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Overview Page
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Music, Opera
(‘The Flying Dutchman’). Opera (romantische Oper) in one act, later three acts, by Wagner to his own libretto after Heinrich Heine's Aus den Memoiren des Herren von Schnabelewopski (1831) (Dresden, ...
Der Ring des Nibelungen

Der Ring des Nibelungen  

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Overview Page
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Music
A series of four music dramas by Richard Wagner. Das Rheingold; Die Walküre (The Valkyrie); Siegfried; and Gotterdämmerung (The Twilight of the Gods). They are indirectly based on the Nibelungenlied.
Devrient family

Devrient family  

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Of Huguenot origins, the first and greatest member of the family, Ludwig (1784–1832), made his name acting leading roles at the Dessau and Breslau court theatres before being called to ...
Die Geburt der Tragödie aus dem Geiste der Musik

Die Geburt der Tragödie aus dem Geiste der Musik  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Original title of a treatise on tragedy by Nietzsche, published in 1872, and retitled Die Geburt der Tragödie: oder Griechentum und Pessimismus in 1886. It is Nietzsche's first major work ...

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