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agricultural labourers

agricultural labourers  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
The distinction between a farm labourer and a farm servant was that a servant was hired on a yearly basis from about the age of 14 and lived on the ...
Captain Swing

Captain Swing  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
The fictitious instigator of a system of intimidation practised in agricultural districts of the South of England in 1830–1, consisting in sending to farmers and landowners threatening letters over ...
earnings

earnings  

The part of the profits of a company available for equity shareholders, after deducting debenture interest. Companies may distribute these earnings in dividends, pay tax, or retain them to expand the ...
justices of the Peace

justices of the Peace  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
(JP)A person holding a commission from the Crown to exercise certain judicial functions for a particular commission area. JPs are appointed on behalf of and in the name of the Queen by the Lord ...
Labor Disputes

Labor Disputes  

Can be divided into two categories: (1) broadly, the collective actions of workers as a pressure group and (2) in a narrower sense, disagreements between an employer (ergodotes) and his ...
labour

labour  

Labour of love work undertaken either from fondness for the work itself, or from desire to benefit persons whom one loves. The term was originally used (in the late 17th century) as a direct ...
prices

prices  

Are mentioned in various sources, some of which (such as saints' vitae) are not reliable, while others (such as chronicles) deal with exceptional cases of inflation. Papyri have abundant information ...
quarter sessions

quarter sessions  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
The office of justice of the peace can be traced back to the ‘keepers of the peace’ in 1195 and ‘conservators of the peace’ during the reigns of Henry III and Edward I, but the principal statutory ...
Roga

Roga  

(ῥόγα), cash salary, esp. remunerations paid to members of the armed forces and civil service; the term already appears with this meaning in the early 7th C. (Chron. Pasch. 706.10). ...
rural depopulation

rural depopulation  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
The decline of the national †population in the late Middle Ages, as a consequence of the Black Death and other diseases, caused the rapid or gradual decay of many rural settlements (see deserted ...
standard of living debate

standard of living debate  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
The debate is about whether the Industrial Revolution (see industrial history) raised or lowered the general standard of living. See A. J. Taylor (ed.), The Standard of Living in Britain in the ...
Statute of Labourers

Statute of Labourers  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
(1351)A statute passed after a large part of the English population had died of the Black Death. It followed an ordinance of 1349 in attempting to prevent labour, now so much scarcer, from becoming ...
Tolpuddle Martyrs

Tolpuddle Martyrs  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
Six English farmworkers who were charged in 1834 with taking illegal oaths, while establishing a local trade union branch of the Friendly Society of Agricultural Labourers in the Dorset village of ...
Wage Systems

Wage Systems  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Wage labor is compensated by a payment that can be done according to different systems. Broadly, two types of pay systems may be distinguished: payment by result and by time. ...
wages

wages   Quick reference

A Dictionary of the Bible (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Religion
Length:
69 words

Payment for *labour in Israel was made at the end of each day (Deut. 24: 14), or year (Isa.

wages

wages   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
787 words
Firm information on the levels of real wages before the later 19th century is hard to come by. Wages varied not only over time but from region to region, and some of those regions which ... More
wages

wages   Reference library

Paul C. Millett

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
590 words

payment in cash or kind in return for labour services, are attested as early as the *thētes (landless labourers) of the ...

WAGES

WAGES   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Jewish Religion (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Religion
Length:
251 words
the fee paid for labor or service. In the Bible, the employer is strictly enjoined to pay such fees without delay upon completion of the labor or service: “The wages of a hired man shall ... More
Wages

Wages   Reference library

Peter Scholliers

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Economic History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Social sciences, Economics
Length:
5,608 words
Illustration(s):
3
Labor performed by a free person (in legal terms) for another person or an organization is generally compensated by a payment, the wage. This may take the form of goods, privileges, and ... More
Wages

Wages   Reference library

Ulla Wikander, Ulla Wikander, and Ulla Wikander

The Oxford Encyclopedia Women in World History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History
Length:
6,091 words
Illustration(s):
1
This entry consists of three subentries:Comparative History Family Wage Fair Wage and Equal Pay Comparative History In parts of the world women's prospects ... More

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