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abbess

abbess  

The head of certain autonomous houses of nuns. The title is used among Benedictines, Cistercians, Trappists, Poor Clares, and some canonesses. The earliest known instance is in 514. In the Middle ...
anchorite

anchorite  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(m.),( f.).A person who withdraws from the world to live a solitary life of silence, prayer, and mortification. The word is used especially of one who lives in confined quarters (his or her ‘cell’).
Andrew II of Hungary

Andrew II of Hungary  

(1177–1235)King of Hungary from 1205 to 1235, second son of Béla III (1172–1196). Having opposed his brother Imre I (1196–1204) several times, Andrew II inherited his throne in 1205. ...
Banquet

Banquet  

The banquet took its name from the bench (banc), which was often one with the table used for meals. It designated a collective feast. The theme of the banquet is ...
Beguines

Beguines  

A member of a lay sisterhood in the Low Countries, formed in the 12th century and not bound by vows; members were allowed to leave their societies for marriage. They are still represented by small ...
Boris and Gleb

Boris and Gleb  

(d. 1015),martyrs. Sons of Vladimir by Anne of Constantinople, these two princes were killed at the instigation of their elder half-brother, Svyatopolk, whose aim was to ‘exterminate all his brothers ...
Brou

Brou  

Margaret of Austria, daughter of Maximilian and of Mary of Burgundy, built the church of Brou (Ain) on the plans of Jean Perréal between 1505 and 1515, to respect a ...
Catherine of Bologna

Catherine of Bologna  

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Religion
Franciscan abbess (1413–63).Artist and writer as well as a saint, Catherine is an impressive example of a specially gifted and devout later medieval woman. She was born at Bologna, the daughter of a ...
chastity

chastity  

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Either complete abstinence from sexual activity, especially in females, or the virtuous exercise of it to just the right extent, for instance in the Catholic natural law tradition, solely in ...
Congregation of Valladolid

Congregation of Valladolid  

Responding to the vows of his father, in September 1390 King John I of Castile founded, in the former alcázar of Valladolid, the monastery of San Benito el Real, which ...
Congregation, Religious

Congregation, Religious  

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Subject:
Religion
Those Religious Institutes of Consecrated Life in the RC Church whose members take simple vows were, until 1983, designated Religious Congregations, in contrast to Religious Orders, in which solemn ...
crusades

crusades  

Western Christendom organized several Crusades between 1095 and 1269 to capture the Holy Land from the Muslims. During the 13th century Muslim armies recaptured all their lost territories.
diriment impediment

diriment impediment  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
In RC canon law, a fact or circumstance relating to a person that makes him or her incapable of contracting a valid marriage. Such impediments include an already existing marriage, holy orders, ...
dispensation

dispensation  

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Religion
A licence granted by ecclesiastical authority to do some act otherwise canonically illegal or to remit the penalty for breaking such a rule.
Evangelical Counsels

Evangelical Counsels  

The vocation of the rich man (Mt 19) and St Paul's advice on virgins suggested to the Church Fathers the distinction between precept and counsel in the path of spiritual ...
evidence

evidence  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Law
(‘getting in’, tendering)In legal proceedings oral evidence is adduced from a witness on oath in the witness box, or tendered as physical evidence or documentary evidence after identification by a ...
ex-voto

ex-voto  

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Overview Page
Subject:
History
(Lat.: ‘from a vow’).A painting or other work of art made as an offering to God or a saint in gratitude for a personal favour or blessing or in the hope of receiving some miraculous benefit. There is ...
familia

familia  

“In the Middle Ages, the familia of a church designated the whole of the secular persons attached to its service, whether within the monastery or in its dependencies or rural Estates” (Berlière).[...]
Filles-Dieu

Filles-Dieu  

This name was given to women brought into semi-religious communities by clerics or laymen, who appeared in the northern half of France around 1230. There is no doubt that some ...
Fra Filippo Lippi

Fra Filippo Lippi  

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(b Florence, c.1406; d Spoleto, 10 Oct. 1469).Florentine painter. He was brought up as an unwanted child in the Carmelite friary of S. Maria del Carmine, where he took his vows in 1421. Unlike the ...

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