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Volksbühne

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alternative theatre

alternative theatre  

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A phrase often used to embrace the successive waves of unconventional theatre and performance groups that formed almost everywhere in the second half of the twentieth century, especially following ...
Benno Besson

Benno Besson  

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(1922–2006)Swiss actor and director. Besson moved to Paris in 1945 to work with Blin, and joined Brecht in Berlin in 1949. He directed a number of productions at the ...
Berlin

Berlin  

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Berlin airlift an operation by British and American aircraft to airlift food and supplies to Berlin in 1948–9, while Russian forces blockaded the city to isolate it from the West and terminate the ...
epic theatre

epic theatre  

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Phrase taken from Aristotle, where it implies a series of incidents presented without regard to theatrical conventions, and used in the 1920s by such pioneers as Brecht and Piscator of ...
Ernst Busch

Ernst Busch  

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(1900–80)German actor. Busch joined Piscator at the Volksbühne in Berlin in 1927. Thoroughly committed to left-wing politics, he performed in important productions such as Toller's Hoppla, wir leben! ...
Erwin Piscator

Erwin Piscator  

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(1893–1966)German director who, together with Brecht, developed epic theatre. Piscator is credited with inventing documentary drama, the political revue, and many scenic devices. Drafted into the ...
Frank Castorf

Frank Castorf  

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(1951– )German director. One of the most controversial figures in contemporary theatre, Castorf was born in East Berlin and throughout the 1980s worked at provincial East German theatres before ...
Friedrich Schiller

Friedrich Schiller  

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Subject:
Literature
(1759–1805),German dramatist and lyric poet, and one of the principal figures of the Sturm und Drang period and of German Romanticism in general. He was deeply influenced by Shakespeare, and greatly ...
Heinz Hilpert

Heinz Hilpert  

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(1890–1967)German director. One of the leading directors in Weimar Germany, Hilpert began his career as an actor in 1919 but soon switched to directing, making his debut in 1922 ...
Holland Festival

Holland Festival  

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Founded in June 1947 (a few months earlier than the Edinburgh and Avignon festivals) to import internationally acclaimed events to Amsterdam, Rotterdam, The Hague, and the smaller Dutch towns. Now ...
Independent Theatre

Independent Theatre  

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Private society founded by Grein in London in 1891. Its name advertised imitation of Antoine's Théâtre Libre (1887) in Paris and Brahm's Freie Bühne (1889) in Berlin. Like Brahm, the ...
Karl Heinz Martin

Karl Heinz Martin  

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(1888–1948)German director, one of the earliest proponents of expressionism. He staged Carl Sternheim in Frankfurt and Kaiser's From Morn to Midnight in Hamburg (1918), which he also directed as ...
Klaus Michael Grüber

Klaus Michael Grüber  

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(1941–2008)German director. Grüber, who began as an assistant to Strehler, was one of the most uncompromising and idiosyncratic contemporary German directors; his intense personal vision created ...
Manfred Karge

Manfred Karge  

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(1938– )German actor, director, and playwright. Karge trained in East Berlin and worked first at the Berliner Ensemble, then at the Volksbühne. He is known chiefly for productions co-directed with ...
Max Reinhardt

Max Reinhardt  

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[né(1873–1943), director and producer.The famed Austro‐German showman first came to the attention of most American playgoers in 1912 when Winthrop Ames imported his mounting of the Oriental pantomime ...
people's theatre/popular theatre

people's theatre/popular theatre  

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These terms have often been used interchangeably and there has been some confusion over to what manner of theatrical presentation each refers. This varies according to class viewpoint and ideological ...
Peter Palitzsch

Peter Palitzsch  

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(1918–2004),German director, who in the early 1950s was with the Berliner Ensemble, where he co-directed Synge's The Playboy of the Western World in 1956, Vishnevsky's The Optimistic Tragedy in ...
Schiffbauerdamm, Theater Am

Schiffbauerdamm, Theater Am  

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German playhouse, built in 1890 in the centre of Berlin, since 1954 the home of the Berliner Ensemble. Its first period of prominence was from 1928 until 1931 under the ...

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