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Giangaleazzo Visconti

(1351—1402)

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Appiano family

Appiano family  

The Pisan family of the Appiani was prominent in Pisan commerce and public affairs in the thirteenth century, and in 1392 Jacopo d'Appiano (1322–98) assassinated the ruler Piero Gambacorti and ...
Baldassare degli Embriachi

Baldassare degli Embriachi  

(fl. c.1390–1410),Italian carver in wood, bone, and ivory who worked with his sons Antonio and Giovanni in Florence and, from about 1400, in Venice. Their workshops produced both luxurious ...
Bernabò Visconti

Bernabò Visconti  

(1323–85),signore of Milan who assumed control of Milan on the death of his uncle Giovanni Visconti in 1354. The following year he arranged with his brother Galeazzo for their ...
Brescia, Fight near (1401)

Brescia, Fight near (1401)  

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The city of Brescia occupied a strategic position in eastern Lombardy, and its economy drew on valuable timber and mineral resources from the mountain valleys to the north, as well ...
Carrara family

Carrara family  

A family whose members ruled Padua from 1318 to 1388 and, after a two-year interregnum during which the city was held by Gian Galeazzo Visconti of Milan, from 1390 to ...
Count Francesco Bussone da Carmagnola

Count Francesco Bussone da Carmagnola  

(c.1385–1432),condottiere, born in Carmagnola (near Turin). At the age of 12 he became a soldier under the command of Facino Cane, who was then in the service of Gian ...
della Scala family

della Scala family  

The dynasty that ruled Verona and its territory from 1259, when Mastino I became capitano, until 1387, when the family was dislodged by Gian Galeazzo Visconti. After the death of ...
Facino Cane

Facino Cane  

(c.1350–1412),condottiere. He became a soldier as a young man, initially fighting in his native Piedmont and in Savoy, where he acquired a reputation for ruthlessness and enjoyed the unflinching ...
Francesco I Gonzaga

Francesco I Gonzaga  

(1366–1407),signore and captain-general of Mantua and captain-general of Venice, the son of Ludovico I Gonzaga, whom he succeeded in 1382. His rule was dominated by the need to defendMantua ...
French Italian wars

French Italian wars  

(1494–1559).The invasion of Italy in 1494 by King Charles VIII of France (1483–98) sparked a series of wars that sporadically involved all of western Europe. Charles claimed the kingdom ...
Gian Cristoforo Romano

Gian Cristoforo Romano  

(c.1465–1512),Italian sculptor, born in Rome, where he trained in the studio of Andrea Bregno. He subsequently worked in a series of north Italian cities. In Milan he carved the ...
House of Orléans

House of Orléans  

The title of duke of Orléans was created by the Valois king Philip VI of France for his son Philip, who died without issue. The second duke was Louis I ...
II Gattamelata

II Gattamelata  

(1370–1443),Paduan condottiere who fought in the service of Florence and the papacy before accepting a Venetian command in 1434. For the rest of his life he fought for Venice ...
Jacopo dal Verme

Jacopo dal Verme  

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(1350–1409),a leading Italian mercenary captain during the late fourteenth and early fifteenth centuries. He came from the nobility of Verona; his father, Lucchino, was a renowned captain who was ...
Louis XII

Louis XII  

(1482–1515),King of France, the son of Charles d'Orléans. In 1476 he married his cousin Jeanne of France, the daughter of King Louis XI. In 1488 he led a rebellion ...
Ludovico Sforza

Ludovico Sforza  

Or (English) the Moor (1451–1508),Fourth Sforza duke of Milan, the second son of Francesco Sforza and Bianca Maria Visconti. The origin of the term il Moro is uncertain: he ...
Malatesta family

Malatesta family  

Leading family of the area between the Italian regions of Romagna and the Marche between the 13th and 15th centuries. It developed lordships over an area comprising Rimini, Cesena, and ...
Muzio Attendoli

Muzio Attendoli  

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(1369–1424),military commander. Muzio Attendoli was born at Cotignola, Romagna, on 28 May 1369, the son of Giovanni and Elisa Petracini. The Attendolis were well off and powerful, capable of ...
Padua

Padua  

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History
Thirty-five km west of Venice between the Bacciglione and Brenta rivers. A Roman foundation, Padua was an episcopal see by the mid 3rd century and a comital seat under the ...
Pavia

Pavia  

A town in Lombardy, Pavia is an episcopal see and capital of the homonymous Italian Province.Of Roman origin, an episcopal see from the 4th c., Ticinum, from Carolingian times ...

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