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Adam and Eve

Adam and Eve  

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Overview Page
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Religion
The first parents of the human race, whose story is told in the opening chapters of the book of Genesis. There is no doubt that until the nineteenth century Adam and Eve were held to be historical ...
Afterlife

Afterlife  

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Overview Page
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Religion
In Islam, one's condition in the afterlife, whether in heaven or hell, is determined by the degree to which one has affirmed the unity and justice of God, acted with mercy and justice toward others, ...
angel

angel  

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Overview Page
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Religion
Hermes was the messenger of Zeus. Iris was ascribed the same function; for Plato the two are the divine angeloi. By the 3rd cent. ad, angels played a large part in Judaism and Christianity, and they ...
Anna

Anna  

(Ἄννα) or Hanna, feminine personal name of Hebrew origin (etym. “veneration”).A similar name appeared in Greek and Roman mythology (G. Wissowa, RE 1 [1894] 2223–25; M. Nilsson, Geschichte der ...
Annunciation

Annunciation  

The announcement of the Incarnation, made by Gabriel to Mary; the Feast of the Annunciation is celebrated on 25 March, otherwise called Lady Day. In art, representations often show Mary sitting with ...
Assumption

Assumption  

The reception of the Virgin Mary bodily into heaven, formally declared a doctrine of the Roman Catholic Church in 1950. The Feast of the Assumption is celebrated in the Roman Catholic Church on 15 ...
Bawīṭ

Bawīṭ  

Village in Upper Egypt, site of the monastery of Apa Apollo, probably founded in the late 4th C. The two churches (north and south) are both of basilican plan and ...
Birth of the Virgin

Birth of the Virgin  

(γέννησις τη̑ς Θεοτόκου), one of the five Marian Great Feasts, celebrated 8 Sept. with both a forefeast and a four-day afterfeast. The feast originated in Jerusalem with the dedication of ...
Black Madonna

Black Madonna  

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Overview Page
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Religion
The depiction of the Virgin Mary with black skin is so widespread culturally and geographically—especially in Europe—as to preclude the explanation that she is dark-skinned when a dark-skinned ...
books of hours

books of hours  

*Prayer books for the laity that were popular from c.1250 to c.1550. They contain as their core the sequence of devotions called the Little Office of the Blessed Virgin Mary ...
Christian mythology

Christian mythology  

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Overview Page
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Religion
The New Testament, or Christian section of the Bible, various non-canonical or apocryphal “gospels,” and as other writings and traditions center on the person of Jesus of Nazareth, a Jewish ...
Christos Paschon

Christos Paschon  

(Ξριστός πάσχων), anonymous drama presenting the story of Christ's crucifixion and resurrection. Although the personae dramatis are derived from the Gospels (Virgin Mary, John, Joseph of Arimatheia, ...
Dominican liturgy and chant

Dominican liturgy and chant  

The liturgy of the Dominican order is a late medieval Roman rite that evolved from an initial period of diversity toward standardization. It culminated in the revisions of Humbertus de ...
Frigg

Frigg  

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Overview Page
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Religion
In Scandinavian mythology, the wife of Odin and goddess of married love and of the hearth, sometimes identified with Freya (see Frey). Friday is named after her.
George of Nikomedeia

George of Nikomedeia  

Metropolitan of Nikomedeia (from ca.860); deacon and chartophylax of Hagia Sophia, preacher, author of various encomiastic works, esp. some devoted to the Virgin Mary. The typikon of the Euergetis ...
God and gender

God and gender  

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Overview Page
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Religion
Unlike the case in most mythologies, the creator and supreme god of the Bible has no female companion or wife. This lack of a consort gives rise to many questions. ...
Immaculate Conception

Immaculate Conception  

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Overview Page
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Religion
The dogma that the Blessed Virgin Mary was, from the first moment of her being conceived, free from all stain of original sin. It and the feast of the conception ...
Joseph

Joseph  

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Overview Page
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Religion
Foster-father of Christ and husband of the Blessed Virgin Mary, died in the 1st century. All that is known of him for certain is contained in the Gospels: Matt. 1–2 and 13: 55; Luke 1–2 and 4: 22. He ...
Jurupari

Jurupari  

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Overview Page
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Religion
The Tupi people of Brazil tell how the world was once ruled by women. But the sun did not approve of this rule, so he married the virgin Ceucy and ...
Mamapacha

Mamapacha  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The Incas believed that the creator made man and woman out of clay and then sent his son and daughter, born of the dragon goddess Mamapacha (Pachamama), to teach the ...

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