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A. J. Muste

A. J. Muste  

(1885–1967), minister, labor organizer, antiwar activist.Born in the Netherlands, Muste studied at theological seminaries in the United States and became a minister in the Dutch Reformed Church ...
Abe Fortas

Abe Fortas  

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Overview Page
Associate Justice, 1965–69• Born: June 19, 1910, Memphis, Tenn.• Education: Southwestern College, B.A., 1930; Yale Law School, LL.B., 1933• Previous government service: assistant director, corporate ...
AC-47

AC-47  

The first aerial gunship developed for combat support. It grew out of specific needs for a more effective weapon system to defend the strategic hamlets and small forts throughout the ...
Academic Freedom.

Academic Freedom.  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
The American tradition of academic freedom drew inspiration from the German concept of Lehrfreiheit, the statutory rights of professors in state universities to teach and do research freely. ...
Afghanistan War

Afghanistan War  

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Overview Page
(1979–1989)Following a military coup in April 1978, the communist People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan took power. The party was riven by sectarian disputes and, in December 1979, the Soviet ...
African-American troops

African-American troops  

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Overview Page
Variously called negro, coloured, and black, the history of African-American soldiers is that of US race relations in general. Even after the abolition of formal discrimination by colour, advancement ...
age

age  

The duration of time a person has lived. Age is conventionally defined from the time of birth, which counts as zero, and is measured in completed years of life. For some purposes, age is measured ...
Agent Orange

Agent Orange  

A defoliant chemical used by the US in the Vietnam War.
Aggression and Violence

Aggression and Violence  

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Overview Page
To understand the nature of aggression and violence on the battlefield, it must first be recognized that most participants in close combat are literally “frightened out of their wits.” Once ...
aid to civil power

aid to civil power  

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Overview Page
Specifically (in British usage) Military Aid to the Civil Power (MACP) means armed assistance to the police when the latter are unable to cope with riot, organized crime, or terrorism. ...
Air America

Air America  

A proprietary airline of the CIA acting as an ordinary civilian air transport firm in Southeast Asia during the Vietnam War. Air America supported the U.S. Air Force in dangerous ...
Air Chief Marshal Sir Neville Patrick McNamara

Air Chief Marshal Sir Neville Patrick McNamara  

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Overview Page
(17 April 1923– ).A wartime entrant into the RAAF, McNamara enlisted as an aircrew trainee in October 1941 and graduated as a pilot. He flew fighters with No. 75 Squadron ...
Air Force Combat Organizations: Strategic Air Forces

Air Force Combat Organizations: Strategic Air Forces  

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Overview Page
First introduced as auxiliaries in support of ground and naval forces, aircraft offered a potential technological solution to the problems of warfare in the industrial age. Aerial forces could fly ...
Air Force, U.S.

Air Force, U.S.  

USAF the part of the U.S. armed forces with primary responsibility for air warfare, military space research, and air defense. It also provides air services to other branches of the ...
airborne warfare

airborne warfare  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The first concept for the use of American airborne troops occurred during World War I in 1918, when Gen. Billy Mitchell proposed a mass drop of paratroopers against German trenches ...
aircraft carrier

aircraft carrier  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
A large warship equipped to serve as a base for aircraft that can take off from and land on its deck.
Alan Edgar Walker

Alan Edgar Walker  

(1911–2001)was a Methodist minister at the NSW coalfield town of Cessnock. His strong social mission informed the book he wrote about the community and its needs, Coaltown (1945). He ...
Alan Seymour

Alan Seymour  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1927– ),Australian playwright and film and theatre critic, born in Perth. Seymour achieved recognition with his surreal play Swamp Creatures (1957), which is set in a Gothic mansion and concerns ...
Albert C. Wedemeyer

Albert C. Wedemeyer  

(1896–1989), World War II general and diplomat.A native of Omaha, Nebraska, Wedemeyer graduated from West Point in 1919. His service in the regular army included tours in the Philippines ...
alcohol

alcohol  

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Overview Page
n. any of a class of organic compounds formed when a hydroxyl group (–OH) is substituted for a hydrogen atom in a hydrocarbon. The alcohol in alcoholic drinks is ethyl alcohol (ethanol), which has ...

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