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Andreas Vesalius

(1514—1564)

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anatomy

anatomy  

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The study of the structure of living organisms, especially of their internal parts by means of dissection and microscopical examination. Compare morphology.
animal testing

animal testing  

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Animals have been widely used for many years to test vaccines, pharmaceutical drugs, cosmetics, etc. This is a legal requirement under the US Food and Drugs Act and similar legislation in most other ...
animals in research

animals in research  

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Animals are widely used in the biomedical sciences, for purposes ranging from studying the functions of human and animal bodies and the nature of disease, to toxicological testing to assess ...
art and science

art and science  

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Have been interdependent in highly creative ways since the fifteenth century. Artists have utilized scientific and mathematical principles since the popularization of perspective in Leon Battista ...
autopsy

autopsy  

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(aw-top-si)a review of the clinical history of a deceased person followed by external examination and dissection of the body and ancillary investigations (e.g. toxicology) in order to determine the ...
cardiology

cardiology  

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n. the science concerned with the study of the structure, function, and diseases of the heart. See also nuclear cardiology. —cardiologist n.
dentistry

dentistry  

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n. the study, management, and treatment of diseases and conditions affecting the mouth, jaws, teeth, and their supporting tissues. Subdisciplines are: dental public health, endodontics, oral ...
dissection

dissection  

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n. the cutting apart and separation of the body tissues along the natural divisions of the organs and different tissues in the course of an operation. Dissection of corpses is carried out for the ...
Fallopian tube

Fallopian tube  

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The tube that carries egg cells from the ovary to the womb in mammals. The eggs are carried by the action of muscles and cilia. It was named after Gabriel Fallopius.
Gabriel Fallopius

Gabriel Fallopius  

(1523–62)Italian anatomist, who was professor of anatomy at Pisa (from 1548) and Padua (from 1551). Best known for his discoveries about the human skeletal and reproductive systems, he identified the ...
Galen

Galen  

(129–199),Greek physician. He attempted to systematize the whole of medicine, making important discoveries in anatomy and physiology. His works became influential in Europe when retranslated from ...
Gaspard Bauhin

Gaspard Bauhin  

(1550–1624)A French anatomist and herbalist, who, in 1582, was appointed professor of Greek, and in 1588 of anatomy and botany at Basle; eventually he became rector of the university and dean of his ...
Germany, Austria, and Switzerland

Germany, Austria, and Switzerland  

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The present Federal Republic of Germany (FRG) was forged in 1990 through the union of West Germany (which comprised 62.7 million inhabitants and 11 states, or Länder, including West Berlin) ...
history of science

history of science  

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According to the theory of preformation, the seeds or eggs of all subsequent generations were contained, one within the other, in the original ancestors of all living organisms, and these ...
illustration and photography

illustration and photography  

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Since the Renaissance, numerous genres of medical imagery have been invented and developed, some subsequently being abandoned. Most new medical specialties have also been accompanied by their own ...
Jacobus Sylvius

Jacobus Sylvius  

(c.1489–1555),French neo-Latin poet and medical humanist, born in Amiens, the son of a weaver, and educated by his brother François, who taught him Latin, Greek, and Hebrew. Sylvius studied ...
Jan Steven Van Calcar

Jan Steven Van Calcar  

(c.1499–c.1546),Dutch painter and engraver, a native of Calcar (now Kalkar) who is thought to have eloped with a young woman to Venice, where he trained in the studio of ...
Johannes Oporinus

Johannes Oporinus  

(1507–68),Swiss humanist printer, born in Basel. He studied Greek in Strassburg and then returned to Basel as a teacher of Greek and as an editor for the publisher Johann ...
John Caius

John Caius  

(1510–73).Refounder of Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge (1557), where he built (1560s and 1570s) the three Gates of Honour, Humility, and Virtue, remarkable for the refinement and correctness of ...
lung

lung  

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n. one of the pair of organs of respiration, situated in the chest cavity on either side of the heart and enclosed by a serous membrane (see pleura). The lungs are fibrous elastic sacs that are ...

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