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Versailles

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aesthetics of the garden

aesthetics of the garden  

Different cultures, and different people, have radically different views of what constitutes beauty in gardens. Much of the theory of garden beauty is taken up with a discussion of the ...
Alexandre Benois

Alexandre Benois  

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(b St Petersburg, 4 May 1870; d Paris, 9 Feb. 1960)Russian painter and designer. One of the key figures of Diaghilev's Ballets Russes. Like Diaghilev he studied law at the University of St Petersburg ...
ancient art, post-Antique collecting

ancient art, post-Antique collecting  

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Collecting of antiquities began in the ancient period itself with the art collections of the Hellenistic dynasts and Romans of the republican and imperial periods (see art Market, ancient). The ...
André Le Nôtre

André Le Nôtre  

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(1613–1700).Creative designer of formal gardens in C17 France, his greatest project was the Park at Versailles, with fountains, canals, avenues, and parterres (1661–87). His work for Louis XIV was ...
Arboretum de Balaine

Arboretum de Balaine  

Allier, France, founded in 1804 by Aglaë Adanson, who came to Balaine at the age of 30, and whose father Michel Adanson had worked in Louis XV's botanic garden at ...
Arboretum de Chèvreloup

Arboretum de Chèvreloup  

Le Chesnay, Yvelines, France. This has its origins in the plaine de Chèvreloup, land to the north of the Domaine de Versailles bought by Louis XIV in 1699. At first ...
Augustin Pajou

Augustin Pajou  

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(1730–1809).French sculptor. He trained in Paris with Jean-Baptiste Lemoyne and then spent four years at the French Academy in Rome. On his return to Paris he became a member ...
Bambouseraie de Prafrance

Bambouseraie de Prafrance  

Anduze, Gard, France, was started in the 1850s by a traveller and amateur botanist, Eugène Mazel, who became fascinated by bamboos. He built up a collection but ran into financial ...
baroque gardens

baroque gardens  

The term baroque embraces several nuances of meaning which make it admirably useful, in a vague sort of way, to convey notions of drama (even theatricality), splendour, muscular vigour, monumentalism ...
Buen Retiro

Buen Retiro  

Madrid, Spain. From 1629, in the reign of Philip IV, an immense and elaborate new royal palace was built on what was then the edge of Madrid. A bird's-eye view ...
bulbous plants

bulbous plants  

Have in common the ability to store food and water so that they may survive periods in which neither may be available. A bulb proper is a form of the ...
canal

canal  

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1 Channel, gutter, or pipe to convey any liquid, usually water.2 Long, narrow, artificially created water-course for the ornamentation of a park, or for inland navigation.3 Flute in the shaft of a ...
Chantilly

Chantilly  

French town in the Oise region, c. 40 km north of Paris, and the site of a famous château. It is also known as a centre of production of porcelain and lace.1. Lace. 2. Porcelain.[...]
Charles Le Brun

Charles Le Brun  

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(bapt. Paris, 24 Feb. 1619; d Paris, 12 Feb. 1690).French painter, designer, and art theorist, the dominant artist of Louis XIV's reign. He trained under Vouet and quickly made a name for himself, ...
Charles Perrault

Charles Perrault  

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Literature
(1628–1703),French writer, is remembered today for a collection of fairy tales published under the name of his son Pierre: Histoires et contes du temps passé (1697), subtitled ‘Contes de ma Mère ...
Château d' Annevoie

Château d' Annevoie  

Annevoie-Rouillon, Namur, Belgium. The gardens of Annevoie, with an area of 14 hectares/34.5 acres, are among the finest water gardens in Europe. A variety of features, influenced by 16th-century ...
chinoiserie

chinoiserie  

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The imitation or evocation of Chinese motifs and techniques in Western art, furniture, and architecture, especially in the 18th century.
Choroszcz

Choroszcz  

Near Bialystok, Poland. This baroque summer residence on the entre cour et jardin (between courtyard and garden) scheme was commissioned by Hetman Jan Klemens Branicki. The palace was erected in ...
comédie-ballet

comédie-ballet  

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A kind of comedic entertainment which included a large element of ballet; most popular in the 17th and 18th centuries in France. Its most famous exponents were Molière and Lully.
conservatory

conservatory  

1 Grander and more ornamental version of a glasshouse or greenhouse used for conserving plants, either a detached structure or one joined to a dwelling, heated and kept humid. Early conservatories ...

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