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Battle of Verdun

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ace

ace  

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N. a military aviator who has shot down more than five enemy aircraft.
airforce

airforce  

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The armed service concerned with attack and defence in the air. Aircraft were first used in World War I to locate targets for artillery on the Western Front, but from 1916 onwards they were developed ...
Battle of the Somme

Battle of the Somme  

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History
(July–November 1916)A major battle fought between British and German forces in northern France during World War I. The battle was planned by Joffre and Haig. Before it began the Germans attacked ...
Battles of Ypres

Battles of Ypres  

(1914–18)During World War I a total of four battles took place near the Belgian city of Ypres, representing various attempts by the belligerents to overcome the war of attrition that developed on the ...
Castelnau, Gen Noël Marie Joseph Edouard, Vicomte de Curières de

Castelnau, Gen Noël Marie Joseph Edouard, Vicomte de Curières de  

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(1851–1944).Born at Aveyron of a military, royalist, and Catholic family, Castelnau fought in the Franco-Prussian war of 1870–1. Removed from the general staff in 1900 for anti-Dreyfusard views (see ...
chaplain

chaplain  

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ˈchæplǝnn. a member of the clergy attached to a private chapel, institution, ship, branch of the armed forces, etc.chaplaincy ˈchæplǝnsē n.ˈchæplǝnn. a member of the clergy ...
Charles de Gaulle

Charles de Gaulle  

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(1890–1970)French general and statesman, head of government (1944–46), President (1959–69). He served in the French army during World War I, and during World War II was a member of the Cabinet at the ...
dugout

dugout  

N. a shelter that is dug in the ground and roofed over, especially one used by troops in warfare: the German gun crews kept in their dugouts.
eastern front

eastern front  

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(1914–18).The German elite accepted war in 1914, in part because it feared the long-term build-up of Russian military strength. The pretext for escalating from a local war to a ...
Erich Ludendorff

Erich Ludendorff  

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(1865–1937)German general. Shortly after the outbreak of World War I he was appointed Chief of Staff to General von Hindenburg and they jointly directed the war effort until the final offensive ...
FM Erich von Manstein

FM Erich von Manstein  

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(1887–1973).Manstein was commissioned into 3rd Foot Guards, Hindenburg's old regiment, in 1906, and during WW1 he fought at Verdun and the Somme. In 1937 he became DCGS, but was ...
Free French

Free French  

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History
A World War II organization of Frenchmen and women in exile. Led by General de Gaulle, it continued the war against the Axis Powers after the surrender of Vichy France in 1940. Its headquarters were ...
friendly fire

friendly fire  

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Weapon fire coming from one's own side, especially fire that causes accidental injury or death to one's own forces.
Gen Erich von Falkenhayn

Gen Erich von Falkenhayn  

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(1861–1922),one of the most criticized military leaders of WW I. He is best remembered as the author of the battle of Verdun. Falkenhayn was a scion of a typical ...
Hindenburg Line

Hindenburg Line  

In World War I, a German fortified line of defense on the Western Front to which Field Marshal Paul von Hindenburg directed retreat. The triple-lined entrenched position, which extended from ...
I Weltkriege

I Weltkriege  

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(1914–18 War).The war, the causes of which are still to some extent a matter of controversy, was occasioned by the assassination of the Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand on 28 ...
Joseph Jacques Césaire Joffre

Joseph Jacques Césaire Joffre  

(1852–1931)French Marshal. During World War I he was Commander‐in‐Chief of the French army on the Western Front (1914–16). Joffre was chiefly responsible for the Allied victory in the first Battle of ...
Lt Col E. A. C. Driant

Lt Col E. A. C. Driant  

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(1855–1916),the first hero of Verdun. He wrecked a promising regular career by marrying the daughter of Gen Boulanger, unsteady populist war minister in the 1880s, and criticizing the keeping ...
memorials

memorials  

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Memorials have been a feature of the commemoration of war since early recorded history. They were once largely triumphalist. The pharaoh Tuthmosis III (1479–1425 bc) erected two obelisks to proclaim ...
military cemeteries

military cemeteries  

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The dead are an inevitable product of war. The concept of the military cemetery dates from the 19th century, although for centuries soldiers had tried to give comrades honoured burial. ...

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