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utilitarianism

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Abraham Tucker

Abraham Tucker  

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Overview Page
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Philosophy
(1705–74),one of the first writers of the utilitarian school of philosophy. In his great work The Light of Nature Pursued (6 vols, 1768–78) he rejects the moral sense theory of Shaftesbury and ...
act utilitarianism

act utilitarianism  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
Version of utilitarianism associated especially with Bentham, according to which the measure of the value of an act is the amount by which it increases general utility or happiness. An act is to be ...
Adam Sedgwick

Adam Sedgwick  

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Overview Page
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Philosophy
(1785–1873)Woodwardian Professor of Geology at Cambridge, where he modernized the teaching of geology. He is best known for unravelling the stratigraphy of North Wales (the Cambrian System) which ...
Aesthetic Movement

Aesthetic Movement  

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Term designating late-nineteenth-century enthusiasm for opulent arts and handcrafts, especially within a domestic context. Advocating beauty as a touchstone for every aspect of life, it grew from the ...
agent-centred morality

agent-centred morality  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
In ethics, the view that the personal situation of agents, together with their personal desires and projects, gives rise to genuine moral restrictions and goals. The view opposes the impartial, ...
agrarianism

agrarianism  

Agrarian societies are those which combine horticulture and animal husbandry in systems of farming. Agrarianism also refers to the romanticization of the rural farm as the ideal place for family life.
Alasdair C. MacIntyre

Alasdair C. MacIntyre  

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Overview Page
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Philosophy
(1929– )Foremost Aristotelian moral and political philosopher. An engaged and foreful critic of liberalism, MacIntyre has moved the basis of his assault from Marxism to Thomism. His pessimistic ...
Albert Venn Dicey

Albert Venn Dicey  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Law
(1835–1922)A. V. Dicey was born at Lutterworth in Leicestershire on 4 February 1835 and died in Oxford on 7 April 1922. His father, a Cambridge graduate, was proprietor of ...
Alexander Smith

Alexander Smith  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1796–1851)Alexander Smith was born in Banff on 12 June 1796, one of four children of a well-known family of architects and builders, and died there on 12 February 1851. ...
Alfred Marshall

Alfred Marshall  

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(1842–1924)British economist, regarded as one of the founders of the neoclassical school in economics.Marshall was born in London and graduated in mathematics from St John's College, Cambridge. He ...
Allen Phillips Griffiths

Allen Phillips Griffiths  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1927–)A. Phillips Griffiths, known to the philosophical world as ‘Griff’, was born in Llandaff on 11 June 1927. After school in Cardiff, leaving Whitchurch Cardiff Grammar in 1943, he ...
ALP (principles and practice)

ALP (principles and practice)  

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The Australian Labor Party (ALP) was established ‘to create a better, fairer life for working people’. From this foundation Labor's values, policy, and practice have evolved in response to national ...
Amartya Kumar Sen

Amartya Kumar Sen  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1933– )Nobel prize-winning economist and social theorist. Educated at Presidency College, Calcutta and then at Trinity College Cambridge, Sen used the time of a Junior Research Fellowship to study ...
amusements and recreation

amusements and recreation  

Dickens had a profound interest in popular recreation, and reference to it suffuses his early fiction and his journalism throughout his life. His basic philosophy can be found in the ...
analytic philosophy

analytic philosophy  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
The philosophy that takes the process of analysis to be central to philosophical method and progress. The common idea of analytical philosophers was that the surface form of a language may conceal ...
Anthony Quinton

Anthony Quinton  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1925–2010).British philosopher, based in Oxford and member of the House of Lords, who wrote on political philosophy, ethics and metaphysics, the philosophy of mind, and a variety of historical ...
applied ethics

applied ethics  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
The subject that applies ethics to actual practical problems, such as those of abortion, euthanasia, the treatment of animals, or other environmental, legal, political, and social problems. See also ...
atheism

atheism  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The theory or belief that God does not exist. The word comes (in the late 16th century, via French) from Greek atheos, from a- ‘without’ + theos ‘god’.
attributive

attributive  

Of or relating to an adjective or adjectival phrase occurring within the same noun phrase as the noun that it modifies. For example, the adjective good is attributive in the phrase the good ...
Auguste Comte

Auguste Comte  

(1798 –1857)A French philosopher who, with Claude-Henri Saint-Simon, founded positivism as a philosophy of science, an ideology of progress, and a humanist religion. Comte also coined the term ...

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