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Anu

Anu  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
[Di]The Sumerian sky god and chief divinity whose seat was at Uruk.
chariot

chariot  

[Ar]A light two‐wheeled war vehicle usually carrying a warrior and a driver pulled by horses. Clumsy four‐wheel prototypes drawn by four asses can be seen in the Uruk Period of Mesopotamia and are ...
Ishtar

Ishtar  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
A Babylonian and Assyrian goddess of love and war whose name and functions correspond to those of the Phoenician goddess Astarte.
Jemdet Nasr

Jemdet Nasr  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
[Si]A settlement near Kish at the northern end of the Mesopotamian alluvial plain. Excavations by Stephen Langdon in the 1920s revealed a series of deposits containing a distinctive style of painted ...
Mesopotamia

Mesopotamia  

An ancient region of south-west Asia in present-day Iraq, lying between the rivers Tigris and Euphrates. Its alluvial plains were the site of the ancient civilizations of Akkad, Sumer, Babylonia, and ...
Secondary Products Revolution

Secondary Products Revolution  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
[Th]An explanatory model published in 1981 by Andrew Sherratt to account for a series of changes in the later Neolithic material culture and subsistence base in central and northern Europe. Sherratt ...
Sumerian

Sumerian  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
A people living in southern Mesopotamia in the 4th and 3rd millennia bc. By 3000 bc a number of city states had developed in Sumer, such as Uruk, Eridu, and Ur. The Sumerians are credited with ...
Susa

Susa  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
The ‘city of lilies’, was the capital of Elam, and afterwards the Achaemenid winter capital, where Darius I built a palace with a large audience hall (apadana) and a monumental ...
Ur

Ur  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
An ancient Sumerian city formerly on the Euphrates, in southern Iraq. It was one of the oldest cities of Mesopotamia, dating from the 4th millennium bc, and reached its zenith in the late 3rd ...
Uruk Period

Uruk Period  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
[CP]The period between about 4200 bc and 3300 bc that marked the emergence of Mesopotamian state societies, named after the long and important sequence at Uruk, Iraq. During the Uruk Period large ...

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